Conus  nadaensis  Azuma & Toki,  1970

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in BRIT Mike Filmer

Published in: Venus 29, p. 77
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Off Nada, Kii Peninsula, Honshu, Japan; 54-72 m
Type Data: Holotype in BRIT deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 25 x 15.5 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: Synonym form of Conus articulatus Sowerby iii, 1873
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONILITHIDAE SubFamily:-CONILITHINAE
Genus:-Conasprella Species:-articulatus nadaensis forma

 

----------

 

Conus  nahoonensis  Veldsman, 2016

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in NMSA Original Description

 

Published in: Malacologia no. 92, July 2016, p. 32-33, fig. 11 & 12
Ocean geography: South Africa
Type Locality: Off East London, Central East Coast Sub-Province, East Coast Province, South Africa
Type Data: Holotype in NMSA deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 37.95 x 19.31 mm
Nomenclature: an available name

Taxonomy: A form of Sciteconus bairstowi Sowerby iii, 1889 or valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Sciteconus Species:-nahoonensis
Synonyms:-

Geographic Range:-South Africa
Habitat:-At depths of 22-65m
Description:-Source original description
Shell moderately large; profile oblong conical; shoulder rounded convex and smooth. Spire moderately high, stepped with a sharp, nipple-like-protoconch with a moderately deep suture. Few light orange spots on spire to no markings. Basal third has very fine ribs around body whorl. Moderately narrow aperture, slightly convex lip. The background color is off-white to light cream. Small orange spots visible especially in young adult shell, to no markings visible around body whorl. No colouration on shoulder. An orange band visible at basal end, prominent in young adults, to no colouration visible in adults.

Discussion:-C. nahoonensis is found in a very localized area, in the northern Transkei region of South Africa. They are a deep-water species , being dredged from about 70 to 100m deep. They are only known from a very restricted area at present.

 

 

----------

 

Conus  nahoniaraensis   da Motta,  1986

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in MHNG Mike Filmer

Published in: La Conchiglia xviii, no. 210-211, p. 20
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Honiara, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands
Type Data: Holotype in MHNG deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 32 x 16.2 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: Synonym form of Conus zebra Lamarck, 1810
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Asprella Species:-zebra nahoniaraensis forma
Synonyms:- There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Indonesia; Papua New Guinea; Solomon Sea
Habitat:-Found on sand bottom in 2-18 m
Description:-Source Living Conidae    C. zebra
In form nahoniaraensis, larval shell of about 2 whorls, maximum diameter about 0.7 mm; typical form with a maximum diameter of about 0.8 mm. Teleoconch sutural ramps flat to slightly convex; later ramps with 3-5 increasing to 5-8 fine spiral grooves; in last 1-2 whorls, spiral sculpture may be weak or have additional spiral striae. Last whorl with widely spaced axially striate spiral grooves on basal third to half, ribbons between narrower or grading to ribs near base.
Ground colour bluish or purplish grey. Form nahoniaraensis with axially as well as spirally arrayed separate brown spots that fuse axially. Apex brown; later postnuclear sutural ramps with orangish to blackish brown radial markings. In form nahoniaraensis, larval whorls white to light brown, early postnuclear sutural ramps grey to brown, and late sutural ramps with very sparse radial maculation. Aperture blue or violet, with brown collabral band; colour more prominent in form nahoniaraensis.
Shell Morphometry
L 25-33 mm
RD 0.58-0.61)
Discussion:-No Data

 

---------

 

Conus  namocanus   Hwass in Bruguiere,  1792

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in MHNG Mike Filmer
Picture Link: Paul Kersten

Radula Picture: Manuel Tenorio

 

Published in: Encyc. Meth. Hist. Nat. des Vers., Vol. 1,  p. 712
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Namoca Is., Pacific (=Namuka?)
Type Data: Holotype in MHNG deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 87 x 47 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Rhizoconus Species:-namocanus
Synonyms:- badius Kiener, 1845; laevigatus Sowerby ii, 1858
Geographic Range:-Red Sea to Transkei and to Oman
Habitat:-Intertidal and subtidal, on sand or muddy sand, on muddy gravel, dead coral heads and on rocks with coralline algal encrustation.
Description:-Source Living Conidae
Medium-sized to large, usually solid. Last whorl conical or ventricosely conical; outline variably convex at adapical fourth to half, straight below; left side slightly concave at base. Shoulder angulate, sometimes subangulate. Spire of low to moderate height, outline usually straight or convex. Larval shell of 2.5-3 whorls, maximum diameter 0.9-1 mm. First 1- 1.5 postnuclear whorl tuberculate. Teleoconch sutural ramps flat to slightly concave, with 0-2 increasing to 4-5 spiral grooves, obsolete in latest whorls. Last whorl with a few weak spiral ribs at base; in subadults, ribs followed by spiral rows of punctations to centre.
Last whorl overlaid with brown, orange, yellow or olive or bluish grey, leaving a rather narrow white spiral band at centre and sometimes also at shoulder. Brown or brownish olive axial streaks and blotches intersperse dark areas and often cross white bands. Juveniles may have spirally aligned minute brown dots that become more densely spaced during growth, producing coarse and fine, dotted, dashed or solid lines from base to shoulder; spiral lines sometimes obsolete. Larval whorls yellow. First 2-4 teleoconch sutural ramps yellowish green; following ramps white or bluish grey, with brown or orange brown radial blotches extending to subshoulder area. Aperture bluish violet, usually with white bands at centre and shoulder, becoming almost white during growth.
Shell Morphometry
L 40-100 mm
RW 0.29-0.80 g/mm
(L 40-88 mm)
RD 0.60-0.70
PMD 0.80-0.95
RSH 0.04-0.14
Discussion:-C. namocanus is most similar to C. vexillum, which attains larger size, has about 10 pronounced spiral grooves on the late sutural ramps, a white aperture, and an axially instead of spirally lineate pattern in adults. C. mustelinus and C. capitaneus also resemble C. namocanus but lack the spiral lines on the last whorl, have the white central band prominently edged by dark markings and bear strong spiral grooves on the late sutural ramps. C. capitaneus also differs in its dark brown base, white aperture and its often broader last whorl (RD 0.65-0.75). Coomans et al. (1982) considered C. badius geographic subspecies of C. namocanus from the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden, differing from the nominal subspecies in its wider shoulder, flatter spire and finer and more numerous spiral lines around the last whorl. However, convincing evidence is lacking to regard it as a representative of the Red Sea population, and the variability in shape and spiral pattern observed in subadult and adult specimens from the Red Sea (cf. Sharabati, 1984) falls within the range of variation in populations outside the Red Sea, e.g. in Kenya and Zanzibar.

 

 

Conus  namocanus  f.  badius  Kiener,  1845

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in collection Verreaux Spec. Gen. Icon. des Coq. Viv. pl. 33, f. 3

 

Published in: Spec. Gen. Icon. des Coq. Viv. 2,  p. 89,  pl. 33,  f. 3
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Designated Red Sea, Saudi Arabia
Type Data: Holotype was in collection Verreaux and currently assumed to be lost
Type Size: 60 x 37 mm figure
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: Synonym form of Conus namocanus Hwass in Bruguiere, 1792
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Rhizoconus Species:-namocanus badius forma
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Red Sea
Habitat:-Shallow water
Description:-Source Living Conidae  C. namocanus.
C. n. badius geographic form from Red Sea thought to have wider shoulder and finer and more numerous spiral lines.
Discussion:-No Data

 

----------

 

Conus  nanus   Sowerby ii,  1833

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Lectotype in NHMUK Mike Filmer
Picture Link: Paul Kersten

Radula Picture: Manuel Tenorio

Living Animal: David Massemin  New Caledonia

 

 

Published in: Conch. Illus., pt. 24,  f. 6
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Marutea, Tuamotu Islands
Type Data: Lectotype in NHMUK deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 22 x 13 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: Synonym colour form of Conus sponsalis Hwass in Bruguiere, 1792
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Harmoniconus Species:-sponsalis nanus forma
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Indo-Pacific, SE Polynesia, Hawaii
Habitat:-Abundant on intertidal benches, less common on subtidal coral reefs; some specimens dredged in 100 m.
Description:-Source Living Conidae    C. sponsalis
Small to moderately small, moderately light to moderately solid. Last whorl conical to broadly and ventricosely conical, rarely slightly pyriform; outline convex at adapical half and usually straight below. In large specimens, aperture often with a distinct spiral ridge at centre. Shoulder rounded to angulate, weakly to distinctly tuberculate. Spire of low to moderate height, outline concave to convex. Larval shell of 4-5 whorls (Taylor, 1975), maximum diameter about 0.7 mm. Postnuclear spire whorls finely tuberculate. Teleoconch sutural ramps flat to slightly concave, with 1-4 spiral grooves, obsolete on late ramps. Last whorl with fine, granulose spiral ribs on basal half.
Ground colour white; in form nanus usually with a distinct blue shade. Usual pattern of last whorl consists of reddish brown axial flames arranged in 2 spiral rows. Flames often reduced in size or fuslng into bands. Base and basal part of columella purplish blue. Teleoconch sutural ramps with reddish to blackish brown blotches between tubercles. Aperture dark bluish violet deep within.
Shell Morphometry
L 15-34 mm
RW 0.08-0.26 g/mm
(L 15-30 mm)
RD 0.63-0.84
PMD 0.78-0.89
RSH 0.06-0.18
In form nanus pattern of last whorl either reduced to a few flecks and a small number of dotted and/or dashed spiral lines or completely absent; spire pattern either reduced to spots or dots between tubercles or completely absent; aperture with a light violet tone but with more pronounced brown and blue tones.
Discussion:-No Data

 

----------

 

Conus  naranjus  Trovăo,  1975

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in CPAS  Antonio Monteiro

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

Radula Picture: Manuel Tenorio

 

Published in: Bol. Cent. Port. Activ. Subaq. iv, ser. 2, p. 12,  pl. 1, f. 3-3 b,  p. 1 & 2, f. 5 & 8
Ocean geography: East Atlantic and West Africa
Type Locality: Angola (12deg 40' E. 12deg 22' S); less than 10 m
Type Data: Holotype in CPAS deposited and catalogued
Type Size:18.1x10.7mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Varioconus Species:-naranjus
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Angola
Habitat:-In calm waters under rocks buried in fine sand with shell residues at very low tide to 1 m depth.
Description:-Source Röckel 2000
Shell description: Small, moderately light. Last whorl ovate to ventricosely conical, outline convex at adapical third, almost straight below. Left side concave near base. Aperture wider at base than near shoulder. Shoulder rounded. Spire of low to moderate height, outline concave to sigmoid. Teleoconch sutural ramps flat to convex, with fine spiral striae. Last whorl smooth and dull, with 6-10 spiral ribs at base.
Ground colour light orange or white. The holotype represents a form with dark orange, very fine to solid, somewhat wavy axial lines, sometimes leaving a few dotted spiral bands at centre. Another form consists of spiral rows of minute brown dots and brown axial lines at shoulder. Specimens from the Caota population may be almost brown with light axial streaks at centre. Aperture white or pale orange with a translucent collabral band.
Shell morphometry:
L 18-23 mm
RD 0.62-0.69
RSH 0.11-0.15
PMD 0.68-0.76
RW 0.07-0.10 g/mm
Discussion:-The holotype-form of C. naranjus resembles C. cepasi in colour-pattern. The shell of C. naranjus can be distinguished only by its lighter and smaller size (18-23 mm vs. 26-50 mm), its usually orange instead of white ground-colour and the existence of dotted spiral lines in some populations. C. naranjus and C. cepasi live sympatrically without intergradations.

 

----------

 

Cone  natalis   Sowerby ii,  1858

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Representation of  Lectotype Thes. Conch.,  pl. 13, f. 292-3

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

Radula Picture: Manuel Tenorio

 

Published in: Thes. Conch. iii, p. 31, pl. 13 (199), f. 292-3
Ocean geography: South Africa
Type Locality: Cape Natal.
Type Data: A representative type figure has been recorded as: Thes. Conch. pl. 13, f.292
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-CONINAE
Genus:-Nataliconus Species:-natalis
Synonyms:-
gilchristi Sowerby iii, 1903
Geographic Range:-Port Alfred - Durban, RSA
Habitat:-Offshore
Description:-Source Iconography
Moderately small to medium-sized shell (normally about 50 mm long), slightly glossy, solid, with a slightly convex profile. The shoulder is rounded, the spire low to moderately high, with straight or slightly convex sides. The whorls have two or three spiral ridges.
The body whorl is white to pinkish or yellow, covered with fine axial brown lines that form a tented pattern; there are often two broad brown spiral bands, one slightly above mid-body, the other closer to the anterior end of the shell. In some specimens we can observe a much finer pattern, with several narrower spirallines and bands; on the other hand, the tent pattem may be practically absent and the decoration of the shell is then reduced to irregular ( or tented) spiral bands. The spire is of the same color as the body whorl, covered with brown blotches. The aperture is whitish or pale bluish white, although the external ground color may show at transparency in younger specimens.
Discussion:-

 

 

Conus  natalis  f.  gilchristi  Sowerby iii,  1903

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in SAMC Mike Filmer SAMC

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

 

Published in: Mar. Inv. S. Afr., p. 217, pl. 3, f. 8
Ocean geography: South Africa
Type Locality: Natal coast
Type Data: Holotype in SAMC deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 52 x 28 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: Synonym form of Conus natalis Sowerby ii, 1858
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-CONINAE
Genus:-Nataliconus Species:-natalis gilchristi forma
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Indo-Pacific
Habitat:-Offshore
Description:-Source Iconography  C. natalis
The form gilchristi of C. natalis  Sowerby II, 1858 corresponds to specimens taken from deeper water, which are often narrower, with a higher spire than the shallow water (typical) form, although considerable intergrades do exist. Such specimens apparently have a tendency to present the reduced pattern described above, where the tent pattern is mostly absent, the axial lines becoming very sparse and the decoration restricted to the spiral banding. The background color of the body whorl is often bluish grey.
Discussion:-The name C. gilchristi has been used for referring to deep water, more conical specimens of  C. natalis usually dived off Park Rynie, near the northernmost end of the range of distribution for the species (Smith, 1992). These are possibly just an ecological variant of the nominal species.

 

----------

 

Conus  natalaurantia Veldsman,  2013

 

Pictures:

Picture Link: Holotype in NMSA  Veldsman

Paratype 6: Veldsman

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

 

Published in: Malacologia, 80, figs. 2, 4, 5, 6 & 9

Type Locality: off the coast of Scottburgh (30°17´S & 30°35’E), KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Type Data: Holotype in NMSA

Type Size: 40.20 mm x 23.40 mm

Nomenclature: An available name

Taxonomy: A valid species

Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-CONINAE

Genus:-Darioconus Species:-natalaurantia

Synonyms:- There are no junior synonyms

Geographic Range:- Natal, South Africa

Habitat:

Description Large, heavy, narrow shell. Profile conical, stepped spire of moderate height with slightly convex outline Shoulder convex, round and smooth. Body whorl sides, starting at the shoulder: the first quarter of the shell convex, the second quarter slightly concave, the third quarter slightly convex and base of shell slightly concave. The body whorl is smooth. Spire almost flat consisting of 3 whorls and teleoconch of 7 flat whorls. Protoconch sharp, nipple-like, pinkish in colour Suture on spire incised. Young specimens covered by radial growth striae, no longer visible in older specimens. Aperture narrow, gently expanding to the anterior sinus. Anterior rounded with slight grooves at base. Background colour light orange to orange, consistent across most of the body whorl. A light cream to light orange coloured band across the middle of the body whorl present. A twisted columella, which appears on young specimens and becomes really exaggerated on older shells. A prominent hump on the lower part of the collumella.

Discussion: Close to Conus lohri Kilburn, 1972. Differences in the shoulder, the form of the last whorl and the protoconch.

 

----------

 

Conus  navarroi  Rolán,  1986

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in MNCM Manolo Tenorio

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

Radula Picture: Manuel Tenorio & Emilio Rolán

 

Published in: Publ. Ocas. Soc. Port. Malac., no. 6,  p. 3, f. 1A
Ocean geography: East Atlantic and West Africa
Type Locality: Calhua, Isla de S. Vicente, Archipelago de Cabo Verde; 1 m
Type Data: Holotype in MNCM deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 19 x 10 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Africonus Species:-navarroi
Synonyms:-
calhetae Rolán, 1990
Geographic Range:-Cape Verde Islands
Habitat:-Under rocks to 2m
Description:-Source original description
The seashell is biconical, with a somewhat high spire, representing of the last whorl approximately 3/4 of the total length. The color is, olive green, except for some white spots that, especially, are found in a band to the middle of the last whorl, with brown coloring on shoulder. There is white oblique irregular areas mixed with brown in the central band , but also appear wider in the base, in another narrow band situated on the spire whorls that is not always evident, and on the shoulder, under which there is a narrow band of yellow color. The spire has a grooves, that in juvenile specimens can have spiral grooves, that barely exist in the mature larger specimens. On the base there are spiral cords. In the interior of the aperture, a violet color is revealed, with two clear bands, one in the center and the other below shoulder. Protoconch white, only visible in very young specimens. The periostracum is yellow, fine and transparent. The operculum is small, oval or extended, with growth grooves of very variable of size. The animal is blackish with reddish tones, although in some occasions is a little lighter. Almost black, always very dark siphon.
Discussion:-No Data

 

 

Conus  navarroi  f.  calhetae  Rolán, 1990

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in MNCM Manolo Tenorio
Picture Link: Paul Kersten

 

Published in: Iberus Sup. 2 p. 41,  pl. 1, f. 7, pl. 2,  f. 7, pl. 5. f
Ocean geography: East Atlantic and West Africa
Type Locality: Calheta, Isla de Maio, Cape Verde Is.; 1 m.
Type Data: Holotype in MNCM deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 26.8 x 15 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: Synonym form of Conus navarroi Rolán, 1986; described as a subspecies

Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Africonus Species:-navarroi calhetae forma
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Maio, Cape Verde Islands
Habitat:-Collected in shallow depth (less than 1 m), among stones, where there is a little scattered sand.
Description:-Source Original description
Morphology of the seashell. The maximum dimension oscillates from 20 to 27 mm. The silhouette is not very extended and has a shoulder well formed. Spire is it somewhat raised, of straight profile, with whorls not stepped, without grooves and of brown and dark green color with white areas. The coloring of the variable seashell, presenting a ground color of azure gray in two bands situated, the first one, under the shoulder and, the second, on the lower half of the last whorl. On this ground coloring another overriding pattern is formed by a series of white areas distributed, especially, in two spiral bands, the first one, above the base and, the second, between this and the shoulder. Among them, there are irregular lines of brown color arranged in an axial sense. Variability is minimum for the pattern and modifications exist only for the quantity of spots and brown lines. Aperture with a lip of light color and, subsequently, a zone appears which becomes whiter slowly as it advances toward inside. Columella lilac or violet. Periostracum very fine, transparent and of yellow color.
Discussion:-

 

----------

 

Conus  negroides   Kaicher,  1977

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Figure Original Description

 

Published in: Card Cat. W-W Shells pack 13, no. 1313
Ocean geography: East Atlantic and West Africa
Type Locality: Angola
Type Data: There is no known specimen
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-CONINAE
Genus: Varioconus Species:-negroides
Synonyms:-
gabrielae Röckel & Rolán, 2000
Geographic Range:-Chapeu Armado Sao Nicolau, Angola
Habitat:-Buried in sand between stones, at 1-3 m depth; juveniles in the high tidal level.
Description:-Source Original description of C. gabrielae which with validity of Kaicher cards now established, the name will revert to C. negroides Kaicher, 1977
Small, moderately solid. Last whorl ventricosely conical to broadly ventricosely conical. Outline convex at ad apical third, almost straight below. Left side slightly concave near base. Aperture wider at base than near shoulder. Shoulder rounded. Spire of low to moderate height, outline slightly concave. Teleoconch sutural ramps are concave, with numerous spiral striae. Last whorl smooth or with spiral striae, and about 10 spiral ribs at base. Periostracum yellow and transparent.
Colour dark brown, leaving a relatively narrow, white or cream sub-centr:al band, interrupted by axial brown lines. This pattern is rarely variable. Aperture light bluish-white inside with a collabral brown band.
Shell morphometry:
L 20-27 mm
RD 0.68-0.72
RSH 0.09-0.14
PMD 0.75-0.78
RW 0.08-0.12 g/mm
Discussion:- Kaicher never meant to describe this shell as a species.

 

----------

 

Conus  nelsonandradoi  Cossignani & Fiadeiro, 2015

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in MMM Ramiro Fiadeiro

Picture Link: Paul Kersten  Paratype

 

Published in: Malacologia 86, p. 17 & 18
Ocean geography: East Atlantic and West Africa
Type Locality: Sal Island, area of Calhetina Cape Verde Is., 0,3 – 3 m
Type Data: Holotype in MMM, Cupra Marittima
Type Size: 14,0 x 8,1 mm
Nomenclature: An available name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Africonus Species:-nelsonandradoi
Synonyms:-

Geographic Range:-Sal, Cape Verde Islands
Habitat:-Found at between 0,3 and 3 meters, in rock fissures
Description:-Source original description
A small pyriform species with size range 12mm-17mm; moderately high, slightly concave spire, whorls tops with two weak spiral threads; many white markings on the spire; shoulder with pronounced angle; the profile is convex becoming straight basally; the aperture is wide being brown with a white band. The characteristics of the last whorls include, a not very wide band of large irregular white marks; in the upper whorl the marks are irregularly spaced immediately below a band of lighter brown which has a weak reticulate pattern as found on the remainder of the whorl. In the basal area, there is a distinctly darker brown band.

Discussion:-

 

----------

 

Conus  nelsontiagoi   Cossignani & Fiadeiro,  2014

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in MMM Cupra Marittima
Picture Link: Paul Kersten

 

Published in: Malacologia 84, p. 26 - 27
Ocean geography: East Atlantic and West Africa
Type Locality:
Tra Calheta Săo Miguel e Pedra Badejo, Praia, Cape Verde
Type Data: Holotype in MMM, Cupra Marittima
Type Size: 19,1 x 11,7 mm
Nomenclature: An available name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Africonus Species:-nelsontiagoi
Synonyms:- There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:- Only known from the type locality
Habitat:- The specimens studied were found to be 0.5 to 5 meters deep, on and under rocks
Description:-Source: Original description Malacologia
Shell pyriform, small, truncated in the adapical area, with sizes ranging from 12 to 25 mm in height, protoconch very flattened, spire with low apical profile, with weak sutures showing against the concave profile; the shoulder join of aperture is nearly in line with the lower part of the spire; the aperture is wide with a medium brown coloration down to middle and gray in the remaining lower part. The profile of the last whorl is almost linear with a hint of a imperceptible 'S' shape. The colouring of the last whorl is tawny-brown with a wide band spiral in the median zone characterized by irregular white streaks and maculations and lighter spiral marks. The grooves of the last whorl in lower columellar area are very noticeable.

Discussion:-

 

----------

 

Conus  neobuxeus  da Motta, 1991

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Representation of Lectotype Martini 1773,  pl. 59,  f.657

 

Published in: La Conchiglia xxii,  no. 258,  p.73
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Not known.(C. buxeus Reeve, 1844)
Type Data: A representative type figure has been recorded as: Martini 1773,  pl.59,  f.657
Nomenclature: an available name, a new replacement name (nomen novum) for C. buxeus Reeve, 1844.
Taxonomy: Synonym form of  Conus furvus Reeve, 1843
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-CONINAE
Genus:-Calibanus Species:-furvus neobuxeus forma
Synonyms:-
buxeus Reeve, 1844
Geographic Range:-Japan
Habitat:-From infralittoral fringe to about 60 m; on sand
Description:-C. neobuxeus : Very similar to form cecilei in colour pattern, except for a lighter base.
Discussion:-No Data

 

----------

 

Conus  neocaledonicus   Tenorio & Castelin,  2016

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in MNHN  Manuel Tenorio

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

Published in: European Journal of Taxonomy; p. 35 – 42; fig. 15 A-J
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Banc Crypthélia, Norfolk Ridge, New Caledonia
Type Data: Holotype in MNHN deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 45.9 x 21.7 mm
Nomenclature: An available name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONILITHIDAE SubFamily:-CONOLITHINAE
Genus:-Profundiconus Species:-neocaledonicus
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:- Norfolk Ridge, New Caledonia
Habitat:-Found at depths of 390 – 570 m
Description:-Original Description
Medium-sized to moderately large (maximum length: 92.0 mm). Shell profile ventricosely conical to conical, with a rounded shoulder and a spire low to moderately high. Spire profile sigmoid, occasionally slightly concave. Protoconch multispiral of 3 or more whorls, white to pale violet-brown. First 4–7 postnuclear whorls nodulose. Teleoconch sutural ramp flat, slightly concave or sigmoid in later whorls, smooth, with cords absent. Last whorl smooth, with fine spiral ribs at the base. Ground colour creamy-white to cream. Last whorl with two broad violet-brown, light brown or tan spiral bands above and below the midbody, which exhibits a broad ground-coloured spiral band. The colour is darker towards the base, usually purplish. A narrow ground colour spiral band is often present at the height of the shoulder. Spire patternless, of ground colour, occasionally showing diffuse pale violet-brown or light brown on top of the teleoconch whorls. Aperture light to pinkish brown. Periostracum olive, thin, translucent, smooth. Operculum with lateral serrations.

Discussion:-

 

----------

 

Conus  neoguttatus   da Motta,  1991

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Figure (C. guttatus) Coq. Viv.,  pl. 105,  f. 4

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

Radula Picture: Manuel Tenorio & Emilio Rolán

Published in: La Conchiglia xxii,  no. 258,  p. 73
Ocean geography: East Atlantic and West Africa
Type Locality: Designated Santa Maria, Angola. (C. guttatus Kiener, 1845)
Type Data: A representative type figure has been recorded as: Coq. Viv.,  pl. 105,  f.4  (C. guttatus)
Nomenclature: an available name, a new replacement name (nomen novum) for C. guttatus Kiener, 1845
Taxonomy: Synonym of Conus lineopunctatus Kaicher, 1977
Current Group Names:-
Not appropriate for the name neoguttatus

Discussion:  Kaicher never meant to describe this shell as a species. See comments: Conus negroides

 

----------

 

Conus neoroseus  da Motta, 1993

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Lectotype in MHNG Mike Filmer
Picture Link: Paul kersten

 

Published in: La Conchiglia xxiii,  no. 265,  p. 29,  f. 3-6
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Designated Tayabas Bay, Luzon
Type Data: Lectotype in MHNG deposited and catalogued (C. roseus)
Type Size: 30 x 21 mm
Nomenclature: an available name, a new replacement name (nomen novum) for C. roseus Lamarck, 1810.
Taxonomy: Synonym form of Conus biliosus Röding, 1798
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Lividoconus Species:-biliosus neoroseus forma
Synonyms:-
roseus Lamarck, 1810
Geographic Range:-Philippines
Habitat:-No Data
Description:-Source Living Conidae    C. biliosus.
C .b. neoroseus is a short shell strongly coronate on spire whorls with brown in interstices; ground colour rose tinted white with fine reddish dots and lighter band at midbody.
Discussion:-No Data

 

----------

 

Conus  neotorquatus  da Motta,  1985

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Representation Tief See Expedition 7 (1),  pl.1, fig.1

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

 

Published in: La Conchiglia xvii,  no. 190-191,  p. 27
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: East Africa  (C.  torquatus von Martens, 1901)
Type Data: There is a cited figure : Tief  See  Expedition 7 (1) pl.1,  fig.1
Nomenclature: an available name, a new replacement name (nomen novum) for torquatus von Martens, 1901. non (Röding), 1798
Taxonomy: Synonym of Conus teramachii Kuroda, 1956
Current Group Names:-
Not appropriate for the name neotorquatus

 

----------

 

 

Conus  neovicarius   da Motta,  1982

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in MHNG Mike Filmer

Published in: Publ. Ocas. Soc. Port. Malac., no. 1,  p. 4, f. 4
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Sharem-el-Sheik, Gulf of Aquaba
Type Data: Holotype in MHNG deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 76 x 45 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: Synonym form of Conus textile Linnaeus, 1758
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-CONINAE
Genus:-Cylinder Species:-textile neovicarius forma
Synonyms:-
dahlakensis da Motta, 1982
Geographic Range:-Red Sea, Gulf of Aden
Habitat:-Intertidal to about 50 m; on coral reef from the reef crest to deeper water inside the lagoon and sometimes also on flats of mainland coasts.
Description:-Source Living Conidae  C. textile
C. t. neovicarius: Shell rather solid with a usually ventricosely conical last whorl and a rather typical C. textile pattern. Known from the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. A form of C. textile intergrading with typical C. textile and form dahlakensis in different localities of its geographical range.
Discussion:-No Data

 

----------

 

Conus  neptunus   Reeve,  1843

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in NHMUK Mike Filmer
Picture Link: Paul Kersten

Radula Picture: Manuel Tenorio

 

Published in: Conch. Icon.. I,  Conus,   pl. 6,  sp. 30
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Jacna, Philippines
Type Data: Holotype in NHMUK deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 44 x 19 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Asprella Species:-neptunus
Synonyms:-
neptunoides Smith, 1880; colorovariegatus Kosuge, 1981; futunaensis Moolenbeek & Röckel, 1996
Geographic Range:-Philippines
Habitat:-Found at depths of 120-240 m
Description:-Source Living Conidae
Medium-sized to moderately large, moderately solid to solid. Last whorl narrowly conical or conical, outline convex at adapical fourth, straight below. Shoulder angulate. Spire usually of moderate height, outline concave. Larval shell of about 2.75 whorls, maximum diameter 0.7-0.8 mm. First 3-7 postnuclear whorls tuberculate. Teleoconch sutural ramps flat to concave, with 1 increasing to 3-4 spiral grooves. Last whorl with distinct to obsolete widely spaced spiral grooves on basal half.
Ground colour white. Last whorl with a reticulate pattern of fine brown lines. Darker brown flecks concentrated in a spiral band on each side of centre, occasionally with underlying salmon bands. Base often tinged with salmon. In form colorovariegatus, network pattern replaced by confluent brown blotches sometimes colouring last whorl solid brown. Larval whorls white. Teleoconch spire matching last whorl in colour pattern. Aperture white or pale pink.
Shell Morphometry
L 45-80 mm
RW 0.18-0.36 g/mm
(L 45-73 mm)
RD 0.46-0.55
PMD 0.84-0.93
RSH 0.11-0.21
Discussion:-No Data

 

 

Conus  neptunus  f.  colorovariegatus  Kosuge, 1981

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in IMT Mike Filmer
Picture Link: Paul Kersten

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

 

Published in: Bull. Inst. Malacol. Tokyo. I,  no. 6,  p. 94,  pl. 32,  f. 1-5
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Bohol Is., Philippines
Type Data: Holotype in IMT deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 63.3 x 27.4 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: Synonym colour form of Conus neptunus Reeve, 1843
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Asprella Species:-neptunus colorovariegatus forma
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Philippines
Habitat:-Found at depths of 120-240 m
Description:-Source Living Conidae   C. neptunus
In form colorovariegatus, network pattern replaced by confluent brown blotches sometimes colouring last whorl solid brown.
Discussion:-No Data

 

 

Conus  neptunus  futunaensis  Moolenbeek & Röckel, 1996

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in MNHN

 

Published in: Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., sér. 18, sect. A. 3-4: 392, figs. 1 – 3
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Futuna Island, (South Pacific)
Type Data: Holotype in MNHN deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 45.5 x 19.5 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: A subspecies of Conus neptunus Reeve, 1843
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Asprella Species:-neptunus futunaensis
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Philippines
Habitat:- 355-369m
Description:-
Discussion:-No Data

 

----------

 

Conus  nereis  Petuch,  1979

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in DMNH Mike Filmer
Picture Link: Paul Kersten

 

Published in: Nemouria, no. 23,  p. 18,  f. 32 & 33
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Off Panglao, Bohol Is., Philippines; ca. 250 m
Type Data: Holotype in DMNH deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 23 x 12 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: Synonym form of Conus wakayamaensis Kuroda, 1956
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONILITHIDAE SubFamily:-CONILITHINAE
Genus:-Conasprella Species:-wakayamaensis nereis forma
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Philippines; Makassar Straits
Habitat:-Found at depths of 30-240 m
Description:
Shells from Philippines described as C. nereis generally are smaller and may be broader but otherwise do not differ significantly from typical C. wakayamaensis.
Discussion:-No Data

 

----------

 

Conus nicobaricus Hwass in Bruguiere, 1792

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Representation of Lectotype Bruguiere Tableau (1798, pl. 318 fig. 9)

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

Radula Picture: Manuel Tenorio & Emilio Rolán

 

Published in: Encyc. Meth. Hist. Nat. des Vers. Vol. 1 p. 612

Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific

Type Locality: East Indies, [presumably Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal].

Type Data: A representative type figure has been recorded as: Tableau (1798,  pl. 318, fig. 9)

Nomenclature: An available Name

Taxonomy: Subspecies of Conus araneosus [Lightfoot],  1786

Current Group Names:-

Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-CONINAE

Genus:-Conus Species:-araneosus nicobaricus subsp.

Synonyms:- There are no junior synonyms

Geographic Range:-Moluccas to Philippines; probably also in Nicobar and Andaman Islands.

Habitat:-Shallow water, on sand substrate under corals and in coral rubble on subtidal reef platforms.

Description:-Source Living Conidae

Spire of low to moderate height, consistently low in C. a. nicobaricus outline straight. Postnuclear spire whorls tuberculate. Later teleoconch sutural ramps concave and nearly smooth. Last whorl with weak spiral ribs above base.

Shell Morphometry

L 55-100 mm

RW 0.40-1.50 g/mm

RD 0.54-0.63

PMD 0.86-0.94

RSH 0.04-0.09

C. a. nicobaricus: Ground colour white, occasionally with a tinge of red or violet. Last whorl with a network of reddish brown to blackish brown lines outlining variously sized white tents that often coalesce. Usually with 3 discontinuous bluish or blackish brown spiral bands, on both sides of centre and below shoulder; central band more pronounced than other bands. Spire and shoulder with fine, dark brown zigzag lines and blue-tinged brown blotches between tubercles. Aperture white to light violet, yellow deeper within.

 

----------

 

Conus  niederhoeferi  Monnier,  Limpalaër,  Lorenz,  2012

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in SMNS Eric Monnier

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

 

Published in: Acta Conchyliorum 11, 27
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: 300 km. offshore from Taizhou, in the East China Sea at a depth of 150 to 200 m
Type Data: Holotype in SMNS deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 35.1 x 17.2 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-CONIINAE
Genus:-Phasmoconus Species:-niederhoeferi
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-East China Sea
Habitat:-Not known.
Description:-Source Extract Original description
The shell is of a medium size (from 31 to more than 43 mm.). It is moderately thick with a thin lip. Its outline is straight to convex with the exception of the first whorls which are pointed and concave. adult shell has more than eleven whorls. The last whorl may be sculptured with about thirty flat shallow ribbons The ground color of the shell is white with two very broad orange bands leaving two irregular uncoloured bands at the center and at the base. The spire is white with orange flammules irregularly scattered between some of the knobs.
Discussion:-
The new species belongs to the Phasmoconus moluccensis and the Ph. proximus complexes.

 

-----------

 

Conus  nielsenae   Marsh,  1962

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in AMS Mike Filmer

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

 

Published in: J. Malacol. Soc. Aust., no. 6,  p. 40,  pl. 4, f. 1 & 2
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Northeast of Cape Bowling Green, near Townsville, Queensland, Australia; 17 fathoms.
Type Data: Holotype in AMS deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 48 x 25 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: A valid species; Note RKK has C. reductaspiralis, C. typhon as forms
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Kioconus Species:-nielsenae
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Queensland to New South Wales and Kermadec Is.
Habitat:-In 30-100 m, in clean sand
Description:-Source Living Conidae
Medium sized, moderately solid. Last whorl conical, occasionally slightly pyriform; outline variably convex at adapical fourth, straight to slightly concave below. Shoulder angulate to slightly carinate. Spire usually low; outline deeply concave, with a conoid apex projecting from an otherwise rather flat spire. First 3-5 postnuclear whorls weakly tuberculate, late whorls often carinate. Teleoconch sutural ramps nearly flat, with 1-2 increasing to 3-5 weak spiral grooves in early whorls and an obsolete spiral striation in late whorls. Basal fourth of last whorl with a few spiral ribs anteriorly and very few spiral ribbons above.
Ground colour white, merged with light violet. Last whorl variably overlaid with orange, with variably prominent, closely spaced, orange-brown spiral lines. Base without spiral lines and usually lighter than adjacent area. Postnuclear sutural ramps with orange-brown radial streaks extending beyond outer margins. Aperture white, sometimes shaded with violet.
Shell Morphometry
L -40- 55 mm;
RW -0.14- 0.26 g/mm
RD - 0.56- 0.63;
PMD - 0.90- 0.95
RSH - 0.05- 0.14
Discussion:-C. n. nielsenae is similar to C. voluminalis. The latter species can be distinguished by its higher and more massive, projecting adapical part of the spire. Large specimens of C. voluminalis have an outwardly curved shoulder edge; typically patterned shells differ additionally in their long dark axial streaks as well as their more widely spaced and less uniform spiral lines on the last whorl.

 

----------

 

Conus bandanus  f.  nigrescens  Sowerby ii, 1859

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in NHMUK Mike Filmer
Picture Link: Paul Kersten  (two specimens together with a normal patterned one)

 

Published in: Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.,  p. 429,  pl. 49,  f. 2
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Not known.
Type Data: Holotype in NHMUK deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 37 x 21 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: Subspecies of Conus bandanus Hwass in Bruguiere, 1792
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-CONINAE
Genus:-Conus Species:-bandanus nigrescens subsp.
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Solomon Islands, Admirality Islands, Samoa
Habitat:-Shallow subtidal to 90 m; mostly encountered in 5-20 m. On coral reef, in reef lagoons; in sand, on weedy sand, rocks, and rubble.
Description:-Source Living Conidae  C. bandanus
In form nigrescens, colour pattern ranging from typically patterned to almost solid black shells. Aperture white to bluish white.

 

----------

 

Conus  nigromaculatus  Röckel  &  Moolenbeek,  1992

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in SMNS Mike Filmer
Picture Link: Paul Kersten

 

Published in: Acta Conchyliorum nr. 3,  p. 46,  pl, f. 19-25
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Ras Andade, Dahlak Archipelago
Type Data: Holotype in SMNS deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 32 x 18 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-CONINAE
Genus:-Phasmoconus Species:-nigromaculatus
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Eritrea & Dahlak
Habitat:-Found at depths of 8-10 m
Description:-Source Living Conidae
Moderately small, moderately light to moderately solid. Last whorl conical; outline slightly convex at adapical fourth, straight below; left side may be slightly concave toward base. Shoulder angulate. Spire low, outline straight or slightly concave. Teleoconch sutural ramps flat to slightly concave, with 3-6 shallow but wide spiral grooves in late whorls. Last whorl with a few variably wide spiral grooves abapically, separating ribs at base and ribbons above.
Ground colour white. Last whorl with spiral rows of widely spaced, blackish brown squarish or circular spots that are sometimes confluent. Postnuclear sutural ramps with widely spaced dark brown radial markings. Aperture white, usually yellow to orange deep within.
Shell Morphometry
L 28-35 mm
RW 0.07-0.13 g/mm
RD 0.59-0.66
PMD 0.88-0.91
RSH 0.07-0.10
Discussion:-The Massawa form of C. erythraeensis can be distinguished from C. nigromacalatus by its smaller size, generally broader last whorl (RD 0.63-0.71), higher spire (RSH 0.13-0.22), and larger markings on the last whorl. C. jickelii differs from C. nigromaculatus in its larger size (L 35-51 mm), generally higher spire (RSH 0.09-0.16), more concave outline of spire, and more ventricose last whorl (PMD 0.83-0.89); its pattern has more closely and more evenly spaced markings, and its aperture has a white to blue area deep within and is edged by a yellow or brownish violet band.

 

----------

 

Conus  nigropunctatus   Sowerby ii,  1858

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Representation of Lectotype Thes Conch. (1858,  pl. 15,  fig. 342)

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

 

Published in: Thes. Conch. iii, p. 38,  pl. 15 (201), f. 342
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Designated Eilat, Red Sea
Type Data: A representative type figure has been recorded as: Sowerby II (1858,  pl. 15, fig. 342)
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-CONINAE
Genus:-Chelyconus Species:-nigropunctatus
Synonyms:-
elatensis Wils, 1971
Geographic Range:-Red Sea - Oman
Habitat:-Shallow Water
Description:-Source Walls
RKK considered as synonym form of C. catus.
Nigropunctatus with a more greyish ground. Pattern of last whorl consists of light to blackish brown surface clouds and blue-grey background clouds. Clouds usually aligned in a spiral row on each side of centre, sometimes absent or fusing into large solid zones. Spiral rows of dots and dashes always pronounced, with regularly or irregularly intermittent white markings. Apex pink to orange. Early postnuclear sutural ramps with regularly spaced dark brown dots at outer margin; in late whorls, dots sparse or missing, additional brown radial streaks or blotches often present. Aperture white.
Light color shells are pearly white with pale dashes, usually orange or bright yellow blotches;
Darker shells are bluish white with dark brown blotches, usually edged orange yellow
Discussion:-No Data

 

----------

 

Conus  nimbosus   Hwass in Bruguiere,  1792

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Lectotype in MHNG Mike Filmer
Picture Link: Paul Kersten

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

Radula Picture: Manuel Tenorio

 

Published in: Encyc. Meth. Hist. Nat. des Vers., Vol. 1, p. 732
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: East Indies
Type Data: Lectotype in MHNG deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 35 x 16 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Rolaniconus Species:-nimbosus
Synonyms:-
tenellus Holten, 1802; tenellus Dillwyn, 1817
Geographic Range:-Indian Ocean: Mozambique, Madagascar, Seychelles, India, and Sri Lanka; Pacific: Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu, and Samoa
Habitat:-From the infralittoral fringe to about 60 m
Description:-Source Living Conidae
Medium-sized, moderately solid. Last whorl conoid-cylindrical, outline slightly convex. Aperture slightly wider at base than near shoulder. Shoulder angulate. Spire low, outline concave. Larval shell multispiral, maximum diameter about 0.7 mm. Teleoconch sutural ramps flat, with 1 increasing to 4-6 spiral grooves. Last whorl with closely spaced, narrow or wide spiral ribbons from base to shoulder; ribbons narrow at base and just below shoulder, often less pronounced adapically.
Ground colour white clouded with violet. Last whorl with rows of alternating brown to blackish brown and white dashes and dots on the spiral ribbons, sometimes confined to the adapical portions of ribbons. A dark colour-pattern variant endemic to Vanuatu has solid, dark brown lines on the spiral ribbons leaving only sparsely scattered ground-colour flecks. Apex immaculate greyish white. Later sutural ramps matching last whorl pattern in size, intensity and colour of the axially arranged markings. Aperture white to orange. In N. Papua New Guinea, dorsum of foot yellowish grey washed with tan, with a large orange semi-circle at anterior end that is overlaid with tan except for the anterior edge; a spotted tan pre-marginal line parallels lateral and posterior sides.
Shell Morphometry
L 35-54 mm
RW 0.12-0.30 g/mm
(L 35-50 mm)
RD 0.49-0.56
PMD 0.77-0.82
RSH 0.07-0.11
Discussion:-No Data

 

Conus  nimbosus  nanoclarus Bozzetti, 2017

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in MNHN  L. Bozzetti

 

Published in: malacologia 96, p. 3 – 5, with pictures
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Tolagnaro, South East Madagascar
Type Data: Holotype in MNHN
Type Size: 21.9 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Rolaniconus Species:-nimbosus nanoclarus
Synonyms:-

Geographic Range:- Only known from the type locality
Habitat:-
Description:-
Shell small for its genus, last whorl profile narrowly conoid-cylindrical, solid look, spire of moderate height with a concave outline, shoulder subangulate, body whorl convex on both sides. Protoconch dome shaped, made up by three embryonic smooth coils, maximum diameter about 0.75 mm, teleoconch of six whorls, with flat sutural  ramps covered by 4 – 5 spiral folds, the first one abapically marginates the suture so that the same can hardly be distinguished from the spirals. Aperture narrow, wider at the base. Surface of the body whorl covered by closely spaced spiral ribbons which appear narrow at the base and just below the shoulder, wider in the central zone. Whitish background coloration, clouded with beige/brown, rows of dots on the spiral ribbons, alternate brown and whitish blotches on the spire whorls. Protoconch whitish, inside of the mouth white.

----------

 

Conus  nisus   Sowerby,  1858

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Representation of Lectotype Thes. Conch.,  pl. 19, fig. 471

 

Published in: Thes. Conch. 3 (Conus), pt. 18,  p. 33, no. 290,  pl. 19 (205), figs. 470 & 471
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Not Known
Type Data: A representative type figure has been recorded as: Thes. Conch. pl. 19, fig. 471
Nomenclature: A homonym:- an available name, an invalid name, a homonym of C. nisus Dillwyn, 1817 and of Kiener, 1845, renamed C. amplus Röckel & Korn, 1992.
Taxonomy: Renamed
Current Group Names:-
Not appropriate for the name

 

----------

 

Conus  nitens   Lauer,  1993

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in MNHN Bill Fenzan

Published in: Apex viii,  no. 1-2, p. 39, f. 6-8
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Islote de Ingleses, Arrecife, Lanzarote, Canary Is.
Type Data: Holotype in MNHN deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 26 x 13 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: Synonym of Conus guanche Lauer, 1993
Current Group Names:-
Not appropriate for the name nitens

 

----------

 

Conus  nitidus  Reeve,  1844

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Representation of Lectotype Mike Filmer

 

Published in: Conch. Icon. I,  Conus,  pl. 47, sp. 266
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Designated Philippines.
Type Data: A representative type figure has been recorded as: Conch Icon. pl. 47, sp. 266
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: Synonym form of Conus boeticus Reeve, 1844
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Rolaniconus Species:-boeticus nitidus forma
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Philippines, Japan
Habitat:-Sand shallow water.
Description:-Source Living Conidae   C. boeticus
C. nitidus seems to be a juvenile specimen, described and depicted by Reeve as light orange-brown and encircled with interrupted brown lines, apex pink. The type figure is orange brown with dark brown solid lines and white areas at middle and on spire.
Discussion:-No Data

 

----------

 

Conus  nivalis  da Motta,  1985

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in MHNG Mike Filmer
Picture Link: Paul Kersten

 

Published in: Publ. Ocas. Soc. Port. Malac. no. 4 p. 5, pl. 1, f. 4 a-b
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Ragay Gulf, Southern Luzon, Philippines.
Type Data: Holotype in MHNG deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 46.7 x 20.4 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: Synonym colour form of Conus furvus Reeve, 1843
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-CONINAE
Genus:-Calibanus Species:-furvus nivalis forma
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Philippines
Habitat:-From infralittoral fringe to about 60 m; on sand
Description:-C. nivalis : Last whorl conical to conoid-cylindrical, slightly narrower than in other forms (RD 0.50-0.58 vs. 0.51-0.63 in most forms). Early postnuclear whorls with very weak tubercles, teleoconch sutural ramps with fine to obsolete spiral sculpture. Form nivalis may be a subspecies of C. furvus, from the northern shores of the Sibuyan Sea between southern Luzon and northern Samar.
Discussion:-No Data

 

----------

 

Conus  nobilis  Linnaeus, 1758

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Lectotype in LSL Mike Filmer

Published in: Systema Naturae 10th ed., 1,  p. 714
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Not known, designated (Finet & Cailliez) Java, (Indonesia).
Type Data: Lectotype in LSL deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 41 x 20 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-CONINAE
Genus:-Eugeniconus Species:-nobilis
Synonyms:-
victor Broderip, 1842; skinneri da Motta, 1982; friedae da Motta, 1991; renateae Calliez, 1993; abbai Poppe & Tagaro, 2011
Geographic Range:-Andaman and Nicobar Is. along Sumatra and Java to Timor
Habitat:-In 1 to 10 m; on sand bottom with Foraminifera, where water is clear and with slight currents.
Description:-Source Living Conidae
Moderately small to moderately large, moderately solid to solid; specimens of  C. n. victor smaller than those of other subspecies. Last whorl conical, occasionally narrowly conical or approaching conoid-cylindrical; outline slightly convex at adapical fourth, straight below. Shoulder carinate. Spire low, outline variably concave to slightly sigmoid; apex may project from an otherwise almost flat spire. Larval shell of about 2 whorls; maximum diameter about 0.7-0.8 mm. Later postnuclear whorls carinate. Teleoconch sutural ramps flat, slightly concave in later whorls, with pronounced axial threads; 5 increasing to 10-14 equidistant and evenly fine spiral grooves on later ramps. Last whorl with variably spaced weak spiral grooves on basal third, separating ribs near anterior end and ribbons above.
Ground colour white. Last whorl with a variable yellowish to dark brown pattern of reticulations and spiral bands; variation associated with geographic distribution. Forms with an almost regular network and rather sparse brown spots to blotches intergrade with forms with sparsely interrupted to continuous brown spiral bands separating 3-4 zones where white tents concentrate, at base, centre and below shoulder. Brown areas with prominent spiral rows of alternating darker brown and white, mainly axial dashes and dots. White markings range from very small tents to small blotches and are consistently edged with darker brown toward the outer lip. Base pale violet. Larval shell pale pink, darker pink posteriorly. Early teleoconch sutural ramps pink to orange. Late sutural ramps with yellowish to dark brown radial streaks and blotches coalescing with last whorl pattern and containing fine darker radial lines. Aperture white, suffused with pale violet or pale brown.
Shell Morphometry
L 30-71 mm
(-C. n. victor 25-49 mm; -C. n. friedae 34-53 mm)
RW 0.10-0.51 g/mm
RD 0.47-0.57
PMD 0.84-0.92
(-C. n. friedae 0.84-0.86 mm)
RSH 0.01-0.12
C.  nobilis nobilis Ground color usually golden yellow to pale tan, seldom dark brown; sides straight/convex; dark ground color may be uniformly netted or in two spiral bands; spiral dashes when present, light brown not conspicuous; white marks large; Nicobar Is Andaman Is Sulu Sea, N. Borneo, Sumatra;
C. nobilis victor Slightly higher spire, weakly concave at midbody; white spots smaller and more clustered at midbody and shoulder; background very dark brown sometimes paler; spiral rows dashes very dark brown/black very conspicuous especially in tan shells; Bali Flores Strait; Indonesia;
C. n. friedae from Sri Lanka rather fine network bordering white dots or tents that tend to be edged darker brown towards outer lip; brown pattern concentrates in three bands and often contains white dots alternating with dark brown dots and axial dashes;
C. n. skinneri Bali to Sumbawa mid/dark brown with 3-4 spiral zones of small white tents; spiral rows of alternating dark brown/white markings are prominent and continuous;
C. n. renatae Andaman and Nicobar Is regular network of large white tents and few brown blotches; spiral rows are sparse and interrupted;
Discussion:-C. cordigera closely resembles C. nobilis. The latter species differs mainly in its non-tuberculate early and carinate later postnuclear whorls, and its coarse alternating brown and white spiral lines within the larger solid brown areas of its last whorl.

 

 

Conus  nobilis  f.  abbai  Poppe & Tagaro,  2011

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in IRSN Original Description

Published in: Visaya 3 (3), 83
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Solor Island, Indonesia
Type Data: Holotype in IRSN deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 34.5 x 16.4 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: Synonym form of Conus nobilis Linnaeus, 1758
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-CONINAE
Genus:-Eugeniconus Species:-nobilis abbai forma
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Indonesia
Habitat:-No Data
Description:-Source Original description
Shells average in size or the group of Conus to which they belong (sensu Tucker & Tenorio 2009 Eugeniconus). The types measure between 33.7 and 52.1 mm in length. Last whorl.conical in shape, almost conoid-cylindrical. Shoulder carinate. Spire low, outline slightly concave. The apex projects from an almost flat spire. Larval shell of about two whorls, tilted. Teleoconch sutural ramps flat, slightly concave in the later whorls, with pronounced axial threads. The last whorl with weak spira1 grooves near the siphonal canal. Base color of the shell is white, covered with a brown pattem that only leaves small tents white and with either a dark brown or purple fleck near the siphonal canal, well visible on the ventral side. The white tents are dispersed all over the shell but flock together in three denser zones, forming spiral bands of white dots, one below the shoulder, one at mid-whorl and near the siphonal canal. All shells have a dark brown zone on the shoulder and on top of the last whorllarge white flecks. In some specimens, bands with the typical victor pattern appear but not in black, only in dark brown. The upper teleoconch whorls are more pale than the rest of the shells. Inside of the aperture white.
Discussion:-According to the description the new subspecies can be distinguished at once from all other subspecies of C. nobilis by the sparse and very small white tents on the brown background. In my opinion it is a mere form of the latter.

 

 

Conus  nobilis  f.  friedae  da Motta,  1991

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in MHNG Mike Filmer

Published in: La Conchiglia xxii,  no. 258,  p. 12
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Dutch Bay Point, northwest of Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Type Data: Holotype in MHNG deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 50.7 x 25 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: Synonym form of Conus nobilis Linnaeus, 1758
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-CONINAE
Genus:-Eugeniconus Species:-nobilis friedae forma
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Bay of Bengal; Indonesia
Habitat:-In 1 to 10 m; on sand bottom with Foraminifera, where water is clear and with slight currents.
Description:-Source Living Conidae  C. nobilis
C. n. friedae from Sri Lanka rather fine network bordering white dots or tents that tend to be edged darker brown towards outer lip; brown pattern concentrates in three bands and often contains white dots alternating with dark brown dots and axial dashes;
Last whorl colour pattern is a rather fine brown network bordering white dots to medium-sized tents that tend to be edged with darker brown toward the outer lip. The brown pattern concentrates in 3 spiral bands, near centre and in their abapical and adapical thirds. The bands often contain spiral rows of white dots alternating with dark brown dots and axial dashes
Discussion:-No Data

 

 

Conus  nobilis  renateae   Calliez,  1993

 

Pictures:
Picture Link:  Holotype in Naturalis, Leiden  Mike Filmer

Published in: La Conchiglia 25, p. 51, f. 1,  4 &  8
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Jolly-Boy Island, Eastern Indian Ocean
Type Data: Holotype in NATURALIS, LEIDEN deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 39.9 x 21 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: Subspecies of Conus nobilis Linnaeus, 1758
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-CONINAE
Genus:-Eugeniconus Species:-nobilis renateae subsp.
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Andaman & Nicobar Islands
Habitat:-In 1 to 10 m; on sand bottom with Foraminifera, where water is clear and with slight currents.
Description:-Source Living Conidae   C. nobilis
C. n. renatae from the Andaman and Nicobar Is. shows a fairly regular light to dark brown network with rather large white tents or blotches and rather few brown blotches; the spiral rows of alternating darker brown and white markings are sparse and highly interrupted
Discussion:-No Data

 

 

Conus  nobilis  f.  skinneri   da Motta,  1982

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in MHNG Mike Filmer
Picture Link: Paul Kersten

 

Published in: Publ. Ocas. Soc. Port. Malac., no. 1,  p. 8,  f. 8
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Off Nusa Tenggara, eastern coast of Bali
Type Data: Holotype in MHNG deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 50 x 25 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: Synonym colour form of Conus nobilis Linnaeus, 1758
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-CONINAE
Genus:-Eugeniconus Species:-nobilis skinneri forma
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Bali, Sumbawa Indonesia
Habitat:-In 1 to 10 m; on sand bottom with Foraminifera, where water is clear and with slight currents.
Description:-Source Living Conidae  C. nobilis
C. n. skinneri from Bali to Sumbawa; its colour pattern is mid-brown to dark brown, with 3-4 spiral zones of fairly small and regularly arranged white tents and interrupted to solid brown spiral bands between; the spiral rows of alternating dark brown and white markings are rather continuous and as prominent..
Discussion:-No Data

 

 

Conus  nobilis  victor  Broderip, 1842

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Lectotype in NHMUK Mike Filmer

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

Published in: Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1842,  p. 54
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Not known.
Type Data: Lectotype in NHMUK deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 32 x 16 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: Subspecies of Conus nobilis Linnaeus, 1758
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-CONINAE
Genus:-Eugeniconus Species:-nobilis victor subsp.
Synonyms:-
vincoomnes Lichtenstein, 1794
Geographic Range:-Islands of Bali- Flores Strait Area
Habitat:-In 1 to 10 m; on sand bottom with Foraminifera, where water is clear and with slight currents.
Description:-Source Living Conidae  C..nobilis
C. n. victor is a somewhat smaller form from Komodo Id. to Lomblen Id., Flores and N. Timor Sea; its colour pattern is light to orangish brown and includes a rather solid broad spiral band above and below centre with pronounced continuous spiral rows of alternating darker brown and white markings
Discussion:-No Data

 

----------

 

Conus  nobrei   Trovăo,  1975

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in CPAS  Antonio Monteiro

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

Radula Picture: Manuel Tenorio

 

Published in: Bol. Cent. Port. Activ. Subaq. iv,  ser. 1,  p. 5,  pl. 1,  f. 2 a-d
Ocean geography: East Atlantic and West Africa
Type Locality: Angola coast (between 12deg 48' S and 13deg 51' S); 5-15 m
Type Data: Holotype in CPAS deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 17.1 x 10.6 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Varioconus Species:-nobrei
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Angola
Habitat:-Buried in sand in rock crevices, sometimes under small rocks, in big holes of stones with sand, 1-3 m deep
Description:-Source Röckel 2000
Shell description: Very small to small, light to moderately light. Last whorl ovate to ventricosely conical, outline convex at adapical third, almost straight or slightly sigmoid below. Left side concave at base. Shoulder rounded, spire low to moderate, outline straight, convex or sigmoid. Teleoconch sutural ramps flat to convex, with fine spiral striae. Last whorl smooth with about 10 spiral grooves at base.Ground colour bluish white to white, with irregular axial dark brown or greenish brown streaks or lines, sometimes coalescing to dark brown flecks, and changing to dotted or dashed spiral rows or in a dark network with small white flecks. Patterns intergrade in most populations. Aperture dark violet with light zones at shoulder and centre.
Shell morphometry:
L 12-20 mm
RD 0.69-0.73
RSH 0.10-0.16
PMD 0.71-0.77
RW 0.04-0.07 g/mm
Discussion:-C. albuquerquei is similar to C. nobrei: the shell morphometry is identical, and also the radula teeth are not significantly different. Most different is the shell-pattern, but the population of Canoco seems to be an intergradation of both patterns.

 

----------

 

Conus  nocturnus  [Lightfoot],  1786

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Representation of Lectotype Martini (1773,  pl. 62,  fig.687)

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

 

Published in: Cat. Portland Mus., p. 156, no. 3411
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: China, (no. 142 & no. 3411), [dubious]
Type Data: A representative type figure has been recorded as: Martini (1773,  pl. 62,  fig.687)
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-CONINAE
Genus:-Conus Species:-nocturnus
Synonyms:-
nocturnus Hwass in Bruguiere, 1792; deburghiae Sowerby ii, 1857
Geographic Range:-Moluccas and N.W. New Guinea
Habitat:-In 1.5-2 m, on coral sand under rocks and on dead coral
Description:-Medium-sized to moderately large,moderately solid to solid. Last whorl slightly ventricosely conical to conoid-cylindrical, outline convex; left side concave abapically. Shoulder angulate, strongly tuberculate. Spire of low to moderate height, outline straight to slightly concave. Postnuclear spire whorls tuberculate. Teleoconch sutural ramps concave in late whorls, with 2-3 distinct to obsolete spiral grooves. Last whorl with weak spiral ribs on basal fourth; ribs often granulose and extending up to shoulder (form deburghiae).
Ground colour white. Last whorl with 2 broad blackish brown spiral bands, above and below centre. White zones with dark brown reticulate lines. Teleoconch sutural ramps with irregularly spaced brown reticulate lines. Aperture white:
Shell Morphometry
L 45 -86 mm
RW 0.19- 0.40 g/mm (L 43-61 mm)
RD 0.55 -0.60
PMD 0.80 -0.93
RSH 0.09- 0.20
C. deburghiae represents a granulated form (Coomans et al., 1985b)
Discussion:-C. nocturnus is most similar to C. bandanus. C. bandanus attains larger maximum size (to 150 mm) and has a more conical last whorl with straighter outline. The banding pattern of C. nocturnus is most similar to C. bandanus form equestris from the Moluccas, which is also similar in size. However, the latter differs in shape as mentioned above, has a more pronounced tent-marked pattern, and has a lower spire (RSH 0.07-0.10). C. nocturnus has recently been found living together with C. bandanus and C. marmoreus in Seram, Indonesia.

 

 

Conus  nocturnus  f.  deburghiae  Sowerby ii, 1857

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Figure Thes Conch. (1857,  pl. 1 fig. 7)

Published in: Thes. Conch. iii,  p. 2,  pl. 1 (187), f. 6. 7
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Moluccas
Type Data: A representative type figure has been recorded as: Sowerby II (1857, Pl. 1,  fig 6)
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: Synonym form of Conus nocturnus [Lightfoot], 1786
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-CONINAE
Genus:-Conus Species:-nocturnus deburghiae forma
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Indonesia
Habitat:-In 1.5-2 m, on coral sand under rocks and on dead coral.
Description:-Source Living Conidae    C. nocturnus
C. deburghiae represents a granulated form.
Discussion:-No Data

 

----------

 

Conus  nodiferus   Kiener,  1845

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Representation of Lectotype Kiener (1845,  pl. 100, fig. 4)

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

 

Published in: Spec. Gen. Icon. des Coq. Viv. 2,  p. 228,  pl. 100,  f. 4
Ocean geography: West Atlantic and Caribbean
Type Locality: Haiti
Type Data: A representative type figure has been recorded as:
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONILITHIDAE SubFamily:-CONILITHINAE
Genus:-Profundiconus Species:-nodiferus
Synonyms:-
pseudojaspideus Nowell-Usticke, 1968
Geographic Range:-Greater Antilles, Eastern Caribbean
Habitat:-Found at depths up to 70 m
Description:-Source Vink
A moderately heavy shell, 15 to 25 mm, biconical, with a straight-sided spire (about 1/3 of total length) and slightly convex body whorl tapering to a narrow base. Spire slightly stepped and shoulder sharply angled. Body whorl totally covered with incised lines, ridges between the lines with more or less pronounced granulation. The granules are small (Series de petites granulations). Colour pinkish grey, yellowish grey or flesh coloured with spiral lines of white dashes.
In some specimens the white dashes are alternated with tiny brown dots. Spire often with distinct brown spots at the margin which gives these shells a nodulouse aspect, or in the words of Kiener 1848 (cet angle. .. est articule de petites taches brunes, rougeatres, qui le font paraitre noduleux).
Discussion:-C. nodiferus could be confused with C. jaspideus (which has a more straight-sided body whorl with white band, a more stepped spire and more pronounced granulation) and pustulous forms of C. mindanus, which it closely resembles in coloration, except that pinkish clouds are normally absent. C. mindanus has a lower spire with more concave tops of the whorls and a broader base.

 

----------

 

Conus  nodulosus   Sowerby ii,  1864

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Syntype in NHMUK Mike Filmer

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

 

Published in: Descr. Three New Shells
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Swan River, Australia
Type Data: Syntype in NHMUK deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 51 x 26 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: a valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-CONINAE
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Western Australia
Habitat:-On intertidal and shallow-subtidal reef flats, often beneath rocks.
Description:-Source Living Conidae    C. victoriae.

Nodulosus: ground colour white, sometimes suffused with pink and rarely shaded with blue. Colour pattern rather uniform: Last whorl with a network of fine yellow to brown lines forming very small to medium-sized tents. Yellow to yellowish brown, rarely dark brown flecks, spots, and spiral dashes arranged in 2-3 or more spiral rows and interspersed with coarse brown axial dots or dashes. Larval shell white. Teleoconch spire matching last whorl in colour pattern. Aperture bright pink, occasionally white. Periostracum matching that of C. v. victoriae.
Shell Morphometry
L - (C. v. nodulosus 37 - 51 mm)
RD – (C. v. nodulosus 0.59 - 0.65)
PMD (C. v. nodulosus 0.75 - 0.80)
RSH (C. v. nodulosus 0.14 - 0.22)
C. v.  nodulosus: bluish axial flammules absent; orange blotches reduced; major series present; pattern often loose with orange blotches absent, shell appears off pink; mouth bright pink; Western Australia Freemantle to Shark Bay;
Ground color white sometimes fused pink; color pattern uniform with network of fine yellow to brown lines forming v small to medium tents; yellow to brownish flecks spots dashes arranged in 2-3 spiral rows and interspersed with coarse brown axial dots; apex white; aperture bright pink/white
Discussion:-No Data

 

----------

 

Conus  norai   da Motta  &  Raybaudi, G.,  1992

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in MHNG Mike Filmer

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

 

Published in: Publ. Ocas. Soc. Port. Malac., no. 16,  p. 61, f. 1-3
Ocean geography: West Atlantic and Caribbean
Type Locality: Pte. de la Baleine, SW coast of Martinique
Type Data: Holotype in MHNG deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 37.4 x 22.8 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Dauciconus Species:-norai
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Martinique
Habitat:-Found at depths around 10 m
Description:-Source Original description
Shell obconic, of medium size, with a flat spire of 10 whorls and having an exerted apex with yellowish white protoconch; surface of whorls being relatively flat and moderately incised with spiral threads, the last five whorls curving concavely as its edges fold into a caniculate suture with the penultimate whorl forming a sharply carinate shoulder. The sides are convexly parallel then tapering to the anterior end where there are several ridges. The ground colour is distinctly violet, the spire being decorated with series of white and chocolate tessellations; the body being splashed with uneven cloudy brownish flammules, seperated at midbody by a belt of violet edged with irregular dark brown dashes. The aperture is tinted violet.
Discussion:-Da Motta emphasises the violet ground colour in comparison with C. daucus.

 

----------

 

Conus  noumeensis  Crosse,  1872

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Figure Original Description

 

Published in: J. Conchyl. xx, p. 155
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Noumea  (New Caledonia)
Type Data: Holotype was in collection Marie and currently assumed to be lost
Type Size: 60 x 33 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: Synonym of Conus suffusus Sowerby iii, 1870
Current Group Names:-
Not appropriate for the name noumeensis

 

----------

 

Conus novaehollandiae  A.  Adams, 1854

 

Pictures:

Picture Link: Syntype in NHMUK Mike Filmer
Picture Link: Paul Kersten

Radula Picture: Manuel Tenorio & Emilio Rolán

 

Published in: Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1854,  p. 119
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Swan River, Australia
Type Data: Syntype in NHMUK deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 38 x 21 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: Subspecies of Conus anemone Lamarck, 1810
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Floraconus Species:-anemone novaehollandiae subsp.
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Northern W. Australia
Habitat:-Intertidal and subtidal to about 40 m; on reefs, rock platforms, sand bottoms or rock rubble, often sheltering beneath stones, rock or boulders and among algae or eel-grass. In N. W. Australia, C. anemone is reported from the intertidal zone to 6 m.
Description:-Source Living Conidae  C. anemone
C. novaehollandiae: Considered a subspecies of C. anemone from northern W. Australia by Coomans et al. (1980) and Richard (1990). Coomans et al. cited C. a. novaehollandiae only as with a low spire. However, the shells from the northwestern populations and the typical form of C. anemone cannot be separated by spire height (RSH 0.09-0.20 vs 0.10-0.23), nor by shape, sculpture and colour pattern
Discussion:-No Data

 

----------

 

 

Conus  nucleus  Reeve, 1848

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Paul Kersten

 

Published in: Conchol. Iconica 1 (Suppl.): Pl. 3, sp. 280
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Matnog Island, Luzon, Island, Philippines
Type Data: Two syntypes in BMNH
Type Size: 21,6 x 9.9 mm & 19,8 x 8.4 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-CONINAE
Genus:-Isoconus Species:-nucleus
Synonyms:- Geographic Range:-
Indo-Pacific
Habitat:-In 1- 30 m
Description:-Source Living Conidae
Small and light. Last whorl ventricosely conical to ovate, sometimes conical in small specimens; outline slightly convex, straighter toward the base. Shoulder rounded to indistinct. Spire of moderate height to high, outline convex to domed. Larval shell about 4 whorls, maximum diameter about 0.9 mm. First 1 – 3 postnuclear whorls weakly tuberculate. Teleoconch sutural ramps almost flat, with 1 increasing to 2 – 3 spiral grooves, very weak in latest whorls. Last whorl with weak spiral ribs at base. Colour orange to olive-brown, often tinged with violet; violet colouration may be restricted to base and columella. Last whorl with a lighter central band variably flecked with white and occasionally adapically bordered with brown dots. Larval whorls and early postnuclear sutural ramps yellow. Following sutural ramps also immaculate or with brown blotches. Aperture light violet behind a marginal ground-colour zone.


Shell Morphometry
L 16-25 mm
RW 0.01-0.05 g/mm  
RD 0.52-0.56
PMD 0.68-0.93
RSH 0.16-0.25
Discussion:-

 

----------

Conus  nussatella  Linnaeus,  1758

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Lectotype in LSL Mike Filmer
Picture Link: Paul Kersten

Radula Picture: Manuel Tenorio

 

Published in: Systema Naturae 10th ed., 1, p. 716
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: 'Nussatello Insulam Asiae.' probably Tello Island, Sumatra
Type Data: Lectotype in LSL deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 49 x 18 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-CONINAE
Genus:-Hermes Species:-nussatella
Synonyms:-
tenuis Sowerby i, 1834; kawanishii Shikama, 1970
Geographic Range:-Indo-Pacific
Habitat:-In 0.5-25 m, on sand bottoms and pinnacles of reef lagoons, in sand pockets of subtidal reef flats, and in caves among living corals.
Description:-Source Living Conidae
Medium-sized to large, moderately solid. Last whorl usually narrowly cylindrical; outline straight and nearly parallel-sided at upper two-thirds, convex to straight towards base. Aperture wider at base than near shoulder. Shoulder subangulate to indistinct. Spire of moderate height; outline slightly convex to domed. Larval shell of 2.75-3 whorls, maximum diameter about 0.65 mm. First 6-7 postnuclear whorls tuberculate. Teleoconch sutural ramps almost flat, with 1 increasing to 4-10 spiral grooves. Last whorl with fine to strong, often granulose spiral ribs from base to shoulder; intervening grooves spirally striate and sometimes with one granulose spiral thread.
Ground colour white. Last whorl with spiral rows of small orange to dark brown spots, and with variable orange, brown, or violet axial streaks and blotches, sometimes coalescing axially as well as spirally. Larval whorls white. Postnuclear sutural ramps blotched with orange to dark brown, outer margins with brown spots.
Shell Morphometry
L 40-95 mm
RW 0.11-0.27 g/mm
(L 40-84 mm)
RD 0.38-0.49
PMD 0.60-0.77
RSH 0.13-0.20
Discussion:-C. nussatella may only be mistaken for C. artoptus, which lives in deeper water.

 

----------

 

 

Conus  nux   Broderip  &  Sowerby,  1833

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Lectotype in NHMUK Mike Filmer
Picture Link: Paul Kersten

Radula Picture: Manuel Tenorio

 

Published in: Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1833, p. 54
Ocean geography: Eastern Pacific
Type Locality: Galapagos Islands
Type Data: Lectotype in NHMUK deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 22 x 15 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Harmoniconus Species:-nux
Synonyms:-
pusillus Gould, 1853
Geographic Range:-SW Baja California, Mexico - Ecuador; Galapagos
Habitat:-Intertidal to 10 m in rubble
Description:-
Discussion:-Walls and other authors have suggested that C. nux is a subspecies of  C. sponsalis. DNA tests have since indicated that it is a separate species evolved in isolation.

 

----------

 

Conus  nybakkeni   Tenorio,  Tucker  &  Chaney,  2012

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in SBMNH Manolo Tenorio

Picture Link: David Berschauer

 

Published in: The Cones of the Eastern Pacific,  p. 57, pls 265-266
Ocean geography: Eastern Pacific
Type Locality: Bahia Los Frailes, Baja California Sur, Mexico. (47 - 60 mtrs)
Type Data: Holotype in SBMNH deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 26.4 x 9.8 mm
Nomenclature: An available Name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Gradiconus Species:-nybakkeni
Geographic Range:-
Only known from Bahia Los Frailes, Baja California Sur, and from Bahia de los Angeles, Baja California [Norte], Mexico
Habitat:-Found at depths of 45-60 m
Description:-Source Original description
Shell is small and narrowly conical with angular shoulders and spires that are elevated and slightly scalariform; sides are flat; coloration consist of larger brown blotches or bands with occasional smaller brown spots. The body whorl is narrowly conical in shape. The spire is elevated and slightly scalariform, conical to slightly concave in profile. Color pattern varies slightly. It consists of brown or tan blotches over a white ground color. These brown markings are variable in the extent to which they cover the body. In most shells the brown coloration covers most of the body whorl except at the shoulder angle, midbody area, and anterior end. The body whorl is usually smooth except for a few sulci near the anterior end.
Discussion:-.

 

----------

 

Copyright Paul Kersten. Rights to all images remains with the originator. Every effort has been made by the editor to respect copyright and image rights and to seek the appropriate approvals. The source of any text quoted from original descriptions or other publications is acknowledged. Acknowledgements and References can be viewed by clicking on the links provided. Should you have any queries or material which would improve the content of the website, you may contact the author at the E mail address on home page.


Last update August 2017