Conus  umbelinae  Cossignani & Fiadeiro,  2014

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in MMM Cupra Marittima
Picture Link: Paul Kersten

 

Published in: Malacologia 84, p. 21 - 22
Ocean geography: East Atlantic and West Africa
Type Locality: Baia di Springuero, Boa Vista, Cape Verde
Type Data: Holotype in MMM, Cupra Marittima
Type Size: 17,8 x 10,4 mm
Nomenclature: An available name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Africonus Species:-umbelinae
Synonyms:- There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:- Only known from the type locality
Habitat:- The specimens studied were found to be 0.3 to 3 meters deep, over and under rocks
Description:-Source: Original description Malacologia
Pyriform shell of small dimensions, about average for the genre, with a range from 15 to 23 mm high, with moderately raised spire with concave profile and just slightly stepped sutures; with  gently rounded shoulder which tends to broaden. The aperture is wide and the lip mirrors the shape of the columellar margin. The dome-shaped protoconch is slightly flattened and colored almost clear white running onto spire. 3 small spiral grooves, not quite equidistant, are highlighted on the whorl tops that have a background of light gray with transverse striae of irregular brownish-orange alternating with whitish spots. The last whorl, smooth, except for 8 thin grooves which occupy the lower portion, has a green grey colour with a whitish marbling and a white spiral band that below midbody, visible in aperture; the lower part of the whorl takes on a brown colour similar to the color of the shell internally.

Discussion:-

 

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Conus  undatus  Kiener, 1845

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Figure Original Description

 

Published in: Spec. Gen. Icon. des Coq. Viv. 2, p. 210, pl. 94, f. 1
Ocean geography: West Atlantic and Caribbean
Type Locality: Indian Ocean
Type Data: Holotype was in collection Delessert and currently assumed to be lost
Type Size: 32 mm
Nomenclature: An availabe name
Taxonomy: Synonym of Conus lorenzianus Dillwyn, 1817
Current Group Names:-
Not appropriate for the name undatus

 

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Conus unicolor  Sowerby ii, 1834

 

Pictures:.
Picture Link: Lectotype in NHMUK Mike Filmer

Published in: Conch. Illus. pt. 54, f. 59
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: None
Type Data: Lectotype in NHMUK deposited and catalogued
Type Size :45.5 x 23 mm
Nomenclature: A homonym:- Nomenclatural status, an availabe Name, an invalid name, a homonym of C. unicolor Sowerby, 1833, renamed C. concolor Sowerby, 1841.
Taxonomy: Renamed
Current Group Names:-
Not appropriate for the name unicolor

 

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Conus  unifasciatus  Kiener, 1845

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in MNHN Mike Filmer
Picture Link: Paul Kersten

Radula Picture: Manuel Tenorio & Emilio Rolán

 

Published in: Spec. Gen. Icon. des Coq. Viv. 2, p. 361,  pl. 110, f. 4
Ocean geography: East Atlantic and West Africa
Type Locality: Not known
Type Data: Holotype in MNHN deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 22 mm
Nomenclature: An availabe name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Lautoconus Species:-unifasciatus
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Senegal; in south around Petit Cote, Cap Vert, Sarene
Habitat:-Found on rocky bottoms
Description:-Source Pin and Tack
Shell biconical, not glossy, of 8 whorls. Spire relatively high, conic, just a little stepped, and with well-marked suture. From 4 to 6 small spiral cords more or less visible near the base; other much more marked cords equally visible on the whole surface of the last whorl. Shoulder wide, slightly rounded. Sides almost straight. Aperture wide at the shoulder and flaring towards the base. Lip slightly enveloping, very slightly convex, with the angle at the shoulder weakly marked.
The colouration is solid dark brown or greenish- brown, but sometimes the last whorl shows two very narrow lighter bands, one at mid body, the other at the convexity of the shoulder. On the shoulder and the penultimate whorl some whitish small spots are visible. The interior of the aperture is bluish, the inner lip is bordered with a narrow light brown band, sometimes interrupted by the trace of the two lighter bands at mid body and by the shoulder. The periostracum is light, transparent.
Source Iconography
Shell moderately small; biconical, shoulder wide, slightly rounded and almost straight sides.Aperture wide flaring towards base, bluish in interior. Body color is uniform dark brown or greenish brown somtimes displaying two faint white bands at shoulder and middle; at time some whitish spots.
Discussion:-Its constant shape and color, as well as its radula, distinguishes C. unifasciatus from C. mercator, C. belairensis and C. hybridus.

 

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Conus  urashimanus  Kuroda & Ito, 1961

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in collection Teramachi Mike Filmer

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

 

Published in: Venus vol. xxi, no. 3, p. 249,  pl. 17,  f. 13 & 14
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Nada, Gobo, Kii Peninsula, Japan
Type Data: Holotype was in collection Teramachi and currently assumed to be lost
Type Size: 70 x 37.5 mm
Nomenclature: An availabe name
Taxonomy: Synonym form of Conus recluzianus Bernardi, 1853
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Kioconus Species:-recluzianus urashimanus forma
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Japan - Philippines
Habitat:-Found at depths of 50-250 m.
Description:-Source Living Conidae
Usually conical, and rarely ventricosely conical in form urashimanus; outline variably convex at adapical fourth, straight below; form roseorapum convex at adapical third and often with a concave left side near base. Shoulder angulate and undulate to tuberculate, the undulations or tubercles evenly spaced. Spire low, outline concave to somewhat sigmoid; Larval shell of 3-3.25 whorls, maximum diameter 0.8-1.0 mm. About first 1.5 postnuclear whorls variably tuberculate; following whorls undulate. More strongly so toward shoulder. Teleoconch sutural ramps flat to slightly concave, with 1-2 increasing to 4-7 spiral grooves. weaker in late whorls. Last whorl with spiral ribs at base and a few widely spaced weak elevations above.
Ground colour white to pale brown, or violet; Last whorl with a broad yellow to brown spiral band on each side of centre, solid or interrupted and either distinct or merging with adjacent areas; apical band may extend to shoulder

Shell Morphometry
L 45-80 mm
RW 0.14-0.73 g/mm
(L 45-79 mm)
RD 0.50-0.60
PMD 0.85-0.96
(-f. urashimanus rarely to 0.83)
RSH 0.02-0.10
Specimens conforming to the description of C. urashimanus have a rather uniform violet-brown colouration with often discontinuous darker brown spiral bands; their shoulder is sometimes distinctly tuberculate.
Discussion:-No Data

 

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Conus ustickei  Miller in Nowell-Usticke, 1959

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Lectotype in AMNH Mike Filmer

Published in: Check List Mar. Shells St. Croix, p. 80,  pl. 1,  f. 14
Ocean geography: West Atlantic and Caribbean
Type Locality: North of Frederiksted, St. Croix, U. S. Virgin Is.
Type Data: Lectotype in AMNH deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 27 x 12.5 mm
Nomenclature: An availabe name
Taxonomy: Synonym form of Conus attenuatus  Reeve, 1844
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Dauciconus Species:-attenuatus ustickei forma
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-St. Croix, U. S. Virgin Is. Cuba, Florida
Habitat:-No Data
Description:-Caribbean Florida to Martinique
Source Walls   C.  attenuatus
Moderately light in weight, with a high gloss, low conical; body whorl elongate, the sides straight; body whorl covered with spiral threads 8-10 strong near base; shoulder narrow, sharply carinate and smooth; spire low/moderate, sharply pointed, protoconch prominent; early whorls sometimes form rounded dome; sides of spire straight; color pattern variable; commonly white or pale pinkish with two very broad spiral bands of deep orange, red, yellow orange, the whitish background showing through as bands at shoulder and midbody; base often deeper violet pink; two extreme patterns(Martinique) result in white shells with two irregular bands of reddish axial blotches; or reddish shells with white axial blotches, heavy spire markings; spire and shoulder white to pinkish with numerous square reddish blotches; early whorls white; aperture narrow uniform; outer lip thin sharp, fragile; mouth deep violet pink; columella not visible
Note: C ustickei is the most common form with yellowish/orange broad spiral bands and white bands at middle and shoulder.
Discussion:-No Data

 

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Conus ustulatus  Reeve,  1844

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in NHMUK Mike Filmer

Published in: Conch. Icon, Conus,  pl. 44, sp. 239
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: New Holland (Australia)
Type Data: Holotype in NHMUK deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 42 x 21 mm
Nomenclature: An availabe Name
Taxonomy: Synonym form of Conus magus Linnaeus, 1758
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-CONINAE
Genus:-Pionoconus Species:-magus ustulatus forma
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Indo Pacific: Known from the Louisiade Archipelago (Solomon Sea) and Palawan, Philippines)
Habitat:-Intertidal and upper subtidal. A sand-dweller on coral reef and in sheltered bays, often beneath rocks and dead coral.
Description:-
Last whorl with closely set spiral ribs from base to shoulder and two broad pale yellow spiral bands.

Discussion:-No Data

 

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Copyright Paul Kersten. Rights to all images remains with the originator. Every effort has been made by the editor to respect copyright and image rights and to seek the appropriate approvals. The source of any text quoted from original descriptions or other publications is acknowledged. Acknowledgements and References can be viewed by clicking on the links provided. Should you have any queries or material which would improve the content of the website, you may contact the author at the E mail address on home page.


Last update September 2014