Conus  zandbergeni  Filmer & Moolenbeek, 2010

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in NATURALIS, LEIDEN Mike Filmer

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

 

Published in: Miscellanea Malacoligica 4 (5)
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Sulu Sea, Philippines
Type Data: Holotype in NATURALIS, LEIDEN deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 38.10 x 19.30 mm
Nomenclature: An available name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Asprella Species:-zandbergeni
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Philippines to Solomons
Habitat:-No Data
Description:-Source Original description
Conus zandbergeni is a medium sized shell somewhat ovate in shape and rather solid. The spire is concave in outline. The protoconch very pale pink, it is raised and pointed. The whorls are stepped and finely beaded becoming sloping and flat to barely concave and contain three increasing to five spiral cords. The spire whorls are cream in colour with some variably shaped brown spots and smaller dots. The sutures are smooth and slightly raised at the inner edge. The shoulder is rounded. The body whorl is broad at the shoulder and tapers to the base. It is strongly convex below the shoulder then slightly convex to almost straight to the base. There are regular well separated spiral grooves from the base to just below the shoulder. The surface is shiny. The ground colour is creamy to pale peach with axially aligned brown flecks and blotches. The lip is thin and straight. The aperture is curved and broadens considerably at the base. The interior is white at the outer edge with occasional brown marks showing from the exterior. Deep within it is pale peach-pink.

Discussion:-Conus zandbergeni n. sp. differs from C. broderipi by its larger size and its higher spire. The shape is more ovate; the ground colour pattern is cream to pinkish whereas C. broderipi is off-white and has much denser brown flecks and blotches. C. broderipi has a white interior while C. zandbergeni n. sp. has a peach-pink or pale violet interior.

 

----------

 

Conus  zapatosensis  Röckel, 1987

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in ZSM Mike Filmer
Picture Link: Paul Kersten   

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

Radula Picture: Manuel Tenorio

 

Published in: Spixiana x,  p. 288,  f. 4, 5,  8, 12
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Zapatos Island, Negros, Philippines; 100 m.
Type Data: Holotype in ZSM deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 40.1 x 19.1 mm
Nomenclature: An available name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Asprella Species:-zapatosensis
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Philippines (Zapatos Id., Marinduque, Burias Strait)
Habitat:-Found at depths of 70-120 m.
Description:-Source Living Conidae
Medium-sized, moderately solid. Last whorl ventricosely conical to conoid-cylindrical, outline convex; left side constricted just above base. Aperture wider at base than near shoulder. Shoulder angulate to sharply angulate. Spire of low to moderate height, outline concave. Larval shell of 2-2.5 whorls, maximum diameter 0.8-0.9 mm. Teleoconch sutural ramps flat, with 1 increasing to 3-7 pronounced spiral grooves. Last whorl with widely spaced axially striate spiral grooves from base to centre or shoulder; intervening ribbons broadest centrally, divided into pairs or triplets of narrow ribbons at base.
Ground colour cream. Last whorl with 3 groups of 2-5 rows of dark brown to violet-brown spots or bars on spiral ribbons, within basal third, just above centre and at subshoulder area. Spirally arrayed or irregularly scattered fine brown dots and axial dashes occur on entire last whorl but vary in number and arrangement. Larval whorls and early postnuclear sutural ramps light brown to almost white. Late sutural ramps with dark brown radial streaks and blotches. Aperture white or light yellow, with a darker collabral band.

Shell Morphometry
L 36-48 mm
RW 0.11-0.20 g/mm
RD 0.53-0.59
PMD 0.76-0.84
RSH 0.10-0.19
C. zapatosensis resembles C. stramineus mulderi ( renamed C. amplus) in size, shape and colour pattern. However, shells of the latter have less angulate shoulders, the spiral sculpture of the last whorls is restricted to the basal parts, the ground colour is bluish grey, and the aperture is violet to orange-brown. C. zapatosensis is most similar to the dark-coloured shells from Philippines provisionally assigned to C. blanfordianus. The latter tend to have slightly broader last whorls, their ground colour is white rather than cream, their spiral rows of spots and bars are more uniformly distributed adapically, and the fine brown dots and axial dashes on their last whorls are more sparse.

Discussion:-

 

----------

 

 

Conus  zardoyai  Tenorio, 2015

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in MNHN  Manuel Tenorio

 

Published in: XenophoraTaxonomy 6, p. 38 – 46, Pl. 1, fig. 1 – 11, Pl. 2, fig. 1 - 11
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Grand Passage< North New Caledonia, 325-330 m
Type Data: Holotype in MNHN deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 10.5  x 5.5 mm
Nomenclature: An available name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONILITHIDAE SubFamily:-CONOLITHINAE
Genus:-Profundiconus Species:-zardoyai
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-North New Caledonia, only known from the type locality
Habitat:-Found at depths of 325 - 330 m
Description:-Original Description
Shell shape is conical to broadly conical. The spire is moderate in height, and sigmoid in profile. The whorl tops are flat or very slightly concave in cross section. The paucispiral protoconch is white, porcellaneous and translucent. The early teleoconch whorls might be purplish, with very weakly developed tubercles which disappear by whorl two. Early teleoconch whorls have three to four cords and a smooth subsutural ridge, crossed by very fine arcuate radial striae. The cords increase in number to five or six in late whorls, but fade slightly in the outer whorls. The shoulder is angulated, with a weak ridge present in most specimens. The sides of the shell are very slightly convex below the shoulder and then straight, becoming very slightly concave near the anterior end. The last whorl is smooth except for 7-8 spiral grooves.

The color pattern is variable. The ground colour ranges from purplish to pale cream. One or two broad light orange-brown spiral bands might be present. The ground colour is usually overlaid with a variable pattern concisting of narrow spiral bars formed by alternating darker brown and white dots and dashes. The number and arrangement of these narrow spiral bars is very variable. It can be dense covering most of the last whorl, or very sparse, reduced to a few interrupted lines, usually around the basal region and midbody area. In densely patterned specimens, the white areas fuse together forming small chevron markings. In other specimens the pattern is very diffuse, and the markings are difficult to separate from the background color, giving an impression of uniformity. The spire is covered in most cases with light brown and white markings. Darker brown spots are usually present on the subsutural ridge area of the teleoconch whorls. These spots may extend down to the ridged shoulder. The interior of the aperture is white, but some of the pattern elements might be visible by transparency, specially through the lip areas.

Discussion:-

 

----------

 

 

Conus  zebra Lamarck, 1810

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Lectotype in MNHN Mike Filmer
Picture Link: Paul Kersten

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

 

Published in: Ann. du Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris) xv,  p. 273
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Ocean asiatique (?)
Type Data: Lectotype in MNHN deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 26 x 14 mm
Nomenclature: An available name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Asprella Species:-zebra
Synonyms:-
nahoniaraensis da Motta, 1986
Geographic Range:-Indonesia; Papua New Guinea; Solomon Sea
Habitat:-Intertidal to about 30 m.
Description:-Source Living Conidae
Moderately small, moderately light to moderately solid. Last whorl ventricosely conical, occasionally slightly pyriform in form nahoniaraensis; outline variably convex adapically, less so to slightly concave basally. Shoulder subangulate to rounded. Spire of low to moderate height, outline concave or sigmoid. In form nahoniaraensis, larval shell of about 2 whorls, maximum diameter about 0.7 mm; typical form with a maximum diameter of about 0.8 mm. Teleoconch sutural ramps flat to slightly convex; later ramps with 3-5 increasing to 5-8 fine spiral grooves; in last 1-2 whorls, spiral sculpture may be weak or have additional spiral striae. Last whorl with widely spaced axially striate spiral grooves on basal third to half, ribbons between narrower or grading to ribs near base.
Ground colour white to cream or grey; bluish or purplish grey in form nahoniaraensis. Last whorl with orangish to blackish brown axial flames from base to shoulder ramp, partially as axial rows of spots toward base. Shells with variably interrupted axial markings intergrade with shells primarily with spiral rows of dots, dashes and bars that tend to fuse into axial streaks and blotches. Form nahoniaraensis with axially as well as spirally arrayed separate brown spots that fuse axially. Apex brown; later postnuclear sutural ramps with orangish to blackish brown radial markings. In form nahoniaraensis, larval whorls white to light brown, early postnuclear sutural ramps grey to brown, and late sutural ramps with very sparse radial maculation. Aperture blue or violet, with brown collabral band; colour more prominent in form nahoniaraensis.
Shell Morphometry
L 25-33 mm
RW 0.07-0.12 g/mm
RD 0.54-0.65
(-form nahoniaraensis 0.58-0.61)
PMD 0.75-0.84
RSH 0.10-0.17
Discussion:-C. zebra is very similar to C. stramineus now called C. stigmaticus  Filmer  in Visaya 2012. C. stramineus attains larger size (L 33-52 mm), has a more angulate shoulder in similarly sized shells, and the spiral sculpture on its late sutural ramps is distinctly coarser. Its last whorl pattern has a primarily spiral arrangement and forms spiral bands, while that of C. zebra is predominantly axially rather than spirally arranged and has axial flames.

 

 

Conus zebra  f. nahoniaraensis   da Motta,  1986

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in MHNG Mike Filmer

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

Published in: La Conchiglia xviii, no. 210-211, p. 20
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Honiara, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands.
Type Data: Holotype in MHNG deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 32 x 16.2 mm
Nomenclature: An available name
Taxonomy: Synonym form of Conus zebra Lamarck, 1810
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Asprella Species:-zebra nahoniaraensis forma
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Indonesia; Papua New Guinea; Solomon Sea
Habitat:-Found on sand bottom in 2- 18 m
In form nahoniaraensis, larval shell of about 2 whorls, maximum diameter about 0.7 mm; typical form with a maximum diameter of about 0.8 mm. Teleoconch sutural ramps flat to slightly convex; later ramps with 3-5 increasing to 5-8 fine spiral grooves; in last 1-2 whorls, spiral sculpture may be weak or have additional spiral striae. Last whorl with widely spaced axially striate spiral grooves on basal third to half, ribbons between narrower or grading to ribs near base.

----------

 

Conus  zebroides  Kiener, 1845

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Figure Spec. Gen. Icon. des Coq. Viv.,  pl. 105,  f.5

Picture Link: Paul Kersten.

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

Radula Picture : Manuel Tenorio

 

Published in: Spec. Gen. Icon. des Coq. Viv. 2, p. 257. pl. 105,  f. 5
Ocean geography: East Atlantic and West Africa
Type Locality: Not known
Type Data: Holotype was in collection Delessert and currently assumed to be lost
Type Size: 45 mm
Nomenclature: An available name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Varioconus Species:-zebroides
Synonyms:-
angolensis Paes-da Franca, 1957
Geographic Range:-Angola
Habitat:-Buried in fine sand under rocks, in 1-2 m.
Description:-Source Röckel 2000
Shell description: Moderately small to medium sized, moderately solid to solid. Last whorl yentricosely conical; outline convex at ad apical half and more or less straight below. Shoulder rounded, Spire of low to moderate height, outline convex, straight, or sigmoid. Larval shell of about 1.5 whorls. Teleoconch sutural ramps convex, smooth or with very fine spiral striae. Last whorl smooth and dull, with some spaced spiral ribs at base.
Ground colour white. Spire and last whorl with brown, evenly spaced axial streaks. The axial lines are generally hair-like and irregularly branching (Santa Lucira, Santa Maria, Bissonga), more spaces (Capato) and broader, often coalescing to a more spaced form, streaks sometimes only in the middle of last whorl in Sao Nicolau; here shells with previously mentioned pattern co-occuring with all intergradations. Aperture with a bluish-brown shade or white in larger specimens. Shells from S. Nicolau with a purple blotch in adapical aperture.
Shell Morphometry
L 28-51 mm
RD 0.64-0.70
RSH 0.07-0.17
PMD 0.74-0.80
RW 0.15-0.45g/mm
Discussion:-

 

----------

 

Conus  zeylanicus  Gmelin, 1791

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Representation of Lectotype Martini 1777,  pl.2,  f. 20

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

Radula Picture: Manuel Tenorio

 

Published in: Syst. Nat. 13th ed. Vol. 1, pt,  p. 3389
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: None
Type Data: A representative type figure has been recorded as: Martini 1777,  pl.2,  f. 20
Nomenclature: An available name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Puncticulis Species:-zeylanicus
Synonyms:-
undulatus [Lightfoot], 1786; obesus Hwass in Bruguiere, 1792; theobroma Röding, 1798; meningeus Röding, 1798; ceylonicus Sowerby ii, 1857
Geographic Range:-Indian Ocean to Indonesia; absent from Red Sea
Habitat:-Subtidal, to about 35 m; on mud, sand and rubble.
Description:-Source Living Conidae
Medium-sized to moderately large, solid to moderately heavy. Last whorl conical, conoid-cylindrical or broadly and ventricosely conical; outline convex above base and below shoulder, almost straight in between. Shoulder rounded, irregularly undulate. Spire of low to moderate height, outline straight to deeply concave. Larval shell of about 2.75 whorls, maximum diameter 0.8- 1 mm. Postnuclear spire whorls tuberculate, less so toward shoulder. Teleoconch sutural ramps flat. Concave in late whorls, with 1 increasing to 3-4 spiral grooves. Last whorl with variably broad spiral ribs at base.
Ground colour whte, suffused with cream, pink or violet. Last whorl with grey to violet clouds, underlaying numerous short, fine, brown axial dashes, variously shaped and arranged black markings, and spiral rows of small alternating dark and light brown bars. Dark brown elements usually aligned in 2 incomplete spiral bands, on both sides of centre, often forming a weak additional band below shoulder. Larval whorls white. Teleoconch sutural ramps crossed by fine brown curved lines and sparse black blotches. Aperture light to pinkish violet deep within.
Shell Morphometry
L 45-75 mm
RW 0.40-0.90 g/mm
(L 45-70 mm)
RD 0.63-0.74
PMD 0.81-0.92
RSH 0.06-0.16
Discussion:-C. caracteristicus resembles C. zeylanicus, which co- occurs in the E. Indian Ocean. However, it differs from the latter in its coarser colour pattern without pink or violet tones, strictly conical last whorl, and more pronounced spiral sculpture of the sutural ramps.
C. undulatus is usually considered to represent a synonym of C. textile. However, it differs from the latter species in shape and pattern but is similar in colour pattern to certain variants of C. zeylanicus; therefore it is tentatively placed in the synonymy of this species. If this is substantiated, C. undulatus will be an unused senior synonym, and the name C. zeylanicus must be retained.

 

----------

 

Conus  ziczac  Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1816

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in NHMW Alan Kohn.

 

Published in: Mag. Ges. Natuf. Freunde Berlin, viii, (1),  p. 4, pl. I,  f. 3
Ocean geography: West Atlantic and Caribbean
Type Locality: Mediterranean Sea [erroneous]
Type Data: Holotype in NHMW deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 8 x 4 mm
Nomenclature: An available name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Purpuriconus Species:-ziczac
Synonyms:-
beddomei Sowerby iii, 1901
Geographic Range:-Grenadines, Lesser Antilles
Habitat:-Shallow water
Description:-Source Walls

Moderately light in weight, with a good gloss; broadly conical, the sides straight/convex; basal ridges; shoulder broad roundly angulate; spire low/moderate, bluntly pointed; tops of whorls concave; pattern variable white to pinkish body crossed by 2 broad spiral bands of yellowish brown, tan, pinkish tan, or red connected by axial flammules; bands broken or continuous flammules sometimes absent; the resultant pattern is a pinkish midband irregularly crossed by zigzag lines and flammules and a band of pinkish spots below shoulder; sometimes spiral lines of brown dots obscured in background; shoulder area with strong reddish brown axial lines angled at sutures; spire white to pinkish, marked like shoulder; early whorls pink; aperture wide ;outer lip thin straight sharp; mouth deep pink to lavender; columella not distinct.
Discussion:- Vink commented
C. beddomei has a uniform black-brown background with large irregular axial white patches, mostly in a zigzag pattern and neatly marked off. In some specimens the white markings are restricted to a white midbody band and alternating white areas on the spire.

----------

 

Conus  zinhoi  Cossignani, 2014

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in MMM Cupra Marittima
Picture Link: Paul Kersten

 

Published in: Malacologia 82, p. 19 - 20
Ocean geography: East Atlantic and West Africa
Type Locality: Curral Velho, Boa Vista, Cape Verde
Type Data: Holotype in MMM, Cupra Marittima
Type Size: 21,2 x 12,1 mm
Nomenclature: An available name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Africonus Species:-zinhoi
Synonyms:- There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Only known from the type locality
Habitat:- The specimens studied were found to be 0.5 to 4 meters deep, among rocks
Description:-Source: Original description Malacologia
Shell of small dimensions, less than those normally found in the genus; the specimens surveyed had sizes ranging  from 18 to 27 mm. The profile of the shell is pear-shaped; spire of an average height and slightly concave. The aperture has join at shoulder level and the alignment of aperture loop continues on the spire with imperceptible step;  the shoulder is rounded off with an angle of approximately 140 °. The protoconch is domed and sutures shallow with brown coloring. The ornamentation of the last whorl is elegant, dark brown color, with a considerable number (about 40) of dark lines spirals, more regular in adapical area, more sparse in the central and most monochrome in the anterior interlinear spaces; the brown color of the background is fragmented with small white speckles, these speckles in the central area are the most obvious and fragment the regularity of the spiral lines. Also among the shoulder and the whorl tops are irregular white speckles. The aperture is not very wide and has a gray-brown, lighter area adapically. 6 grooves, are clearly visible on the whorl tops of the spire. In the adult specimens less ornamentation  is less defined and the spire less scalariform.
Discussion:-

 

----------

 

Conus  zonatus  Hwass in Bruguiere,1792

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Representation of Lectotype Tableau Enc. (179,  pl. 318,  fig. 4)

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

Picture Link: Paul Kersten

 

Published in: Encyc. Meth. Hist. Nat. des Vers. Vol. 1, p. 613
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Indian Ocean
Type Data: A representative type figure has been recorded as: Tableau (1798,  pl. 318,  fig. 4)
Nomenclature: An available name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Rhombiconus Species:-zonatus
Synonyms:-
turritus Röding, 1798; lapideus Holten, 1802; nubifer Lamarck, 1810; edwardi Preston, 1908
Geographic Range:-Seychelles - India - Thailand & Sumatra
Habitat:-Shallow water to about 30 m, on hard substrata of coral reefs
Description:-Source Living Conidae
Medium-sized to large, solid to moderately heavy. Last whorl conical, outline almost straight, slightly convex adapically. Shoulder angulate to subangulate, strongly to weakly tuberculate. Spire of low to moderate height; outline variably sigmoid, with convex apex. Postnuclear spire whorls tuberculate to strongly tuberculate. Late teleconch sutural ramps concave, with often obsolete spiral striation. Last whorl with weak spiral ribs at base.
Ground colour white. Last whorl with 3 usually continuous bluish grey spiral bands, below shoulder and on both sides of centre; posterior bands may be variably fused. Rather evenly spaced orange-brown spiral lines extending from base to shoulder. Base and basal part of columella dark bluish brown. Teleoconch sutural ramps with brown to bluish brown radial markings. Aperture white, bluish brown at base.
Shell Morphometry
L 50-85 mm
RW 0.40-0.90 g/mm
(L 50-70 mm)
RD 0.55-0.64
PMD 0.85-0.94
RSH 0.06-0.14
Discussion:-C. zonatus is similar to C. imperialis in size, shape of shell, colouration of the animal, shape and armature of the radular teeth and in the diet of the animal. However, the latter species differs in the colour pattern of its last whorl, exhibiting variable arranged spiral rows of alternating black /brown and white dashes and numerous spiral rows of minute brown dots, in contrast to the evenly spaced solid lines of C. zonatus. In addition, C. imperialis usually has only 2 instead of 3 colour bands around the last whorl.

 

----------

 

Conus  zulu  Petuch, 1979

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype  P. Kersten
Picture Link: P. Kersten

 

Published in: Nemouria. no. 23,  p. 19,  f. 28-31
Ocean geography: Indo-Pacific
Type Locality: Off mouth of Umfolozi R., Zululand coast, Natal, South Africa; ca. 40 m.
Type Data: Holotype in DMNH deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 62 x 35 mm
Nomenclature: An available name
Taxonomy: Synonym colour form of Conus betulinus Linnaeus, 1758
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Dendroconus Species:-betulinus zulu forma
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Natal, Mozambique
Habitat:-form zulu is reported from 30-50 m.
Description:- The shells from Natal and Mozambique described as C. zulu differ from the C. betulinus shells from Madagascar in a less conical last whorl, a mostly steeper shoulder ramp and a consistently fine pattern. Although these characters make C. zulu slightly more similar to C. figulinus, RKK provisionally regard all the questionable Indian Ocean shells as forms of C. betulinus
Discussion:-No Data

 

----------

 

Conus  zylmanae  Petuch, 1998

 

Pictures:
Picture Link: Holotype in FMNH C. Meyer, AK
Picture Link: Paul Kersten

 

Published in: La Conchiglia xx,  no. 287,  p. 28, figs.
Ocean geography: West Atlantic and Caribbean
Type Locality: Off Paradise Is., N. of New Providence Is., Bahamas; 6-7 m.
Type Data: Holotype in FMNH deposited and catalogued
Type Size: 22 x 13 mm
Nomenclature: An available name
Taxonomy: A valid species
Current Group Names:-
Family:-CONIDAE SubFamily:-PUNCTICULIINAE
Genus:-Purpuriconus Species:-zylmanae
Synonyms:-
There are no junior synonyms
Geographic Range:-Bahamas
Habitat:-Found at 6-7m on algae on hard bottom
Description:-Source Original description
Shell of average size for subgenus, slightly pyriform, with silky texture; some specimens with 12-14 widely spaced rows of very small beads; spire raised, angled; shoulder heavily coronated, with 16-18 low knobs per whorl with a similar number of coronations paler khaki than background; body whorl with irregular, scattered, small white patches, mostly around mid- body area; protoconch and early whorls bright red-purple; interior of aperture deep blue-purple. Conus zylmanae most closely resembles C. jacarusoi, also from the Bahamas, but differs in being a more pyriform shell with a proportionally higher spire, in having more numerous and smaller spire coronations, and in having a khaki-green shell and spire colour with smaller (or often absent) white flammules.

Discussion:-

J. Tucker suggests that this shell is synonym of  C. kulkulcan.

 

----------

 

Copyright Paul Kersten. Rights to all images remains with the originator. Every effort has been made by the editor to respect copyright and image rights and to seek the appropriate approvals. The source of any text quoted from original descriptions or other publications is acknowledged. Acknowledgements and References can be viewed by clicking on the links provided. Should you have any queries or material which would improve the content of the website, you may contact the author at the E mail address on home page.


Last update April 2014